5. Pārāyanavaggo

Vatthugāthā

982.

Kosalānaṃ purā rammā, agamā dakkhiṇāpathaṃ;

Ākiñcaññaṃ patthayāno, brāhmaṇo mantapāragū.

983.

So assakassa visaye, aḷakassa [muḷakassa (syā.), mūḷhakassa (ka.), maḷakassa (niddesa)] samāsane;

Vasi godhāvarīkūle, uñchena ca phalena ca.

984.

Tasseva upanissāya, gāmo ca vipulo ahu;

Tato jātena āyena, mahāyaññamakappayi.

985.

Mahāyaññaṃ yajitvāna, puna pāvisi assamaṃ;

Tasmiṃ paṭipaviṭṭhamhi, añño āgañchi brāhmaṇo.

986.

Ugghaṭṭapādo tasito [tassito (ka.)], paṅkadanto rajassiro;

So ca naṃ upasaṅkamma, satāni pañca yācati.

987.

Tamenaṃ bāvarī disvā, āsanena nimantayi;

Sukhañca kusalaṃ pucchi, idaṃ vacanamabravi.

988.

‘‘Yaṃ kho mama deyyadhammaṃ, sabbaṃ visajjitaṃ mayā;

Anujānāhi me brahme, natthi pañcasatāni me’’.

989.

‘‘Sace me yācamānassa, bhavaṃ nānupadassati;

Sattame divase tuyhaṃ, muddhā phalatu sattadhā’’.

990.

Abhisaṅkharitvā kuhako, bheravaṃ so akittayi;

Tassa taṃ vacanaṃ sutvā, bāvarī dukkhito ahu.

991.

Ussussati anāhāro, sokasallasamappito;

Athopi evaṃ cittassa, jhāne na ramatī mano.

992.

Utrastaṃ dukkhitaṃ disvā, devatā atthakāminī;

Bāvariṃ upasaṅkamma, idaṃ vacanamabravi.

993.

‘‘Na so muddhaṃ pajānāti, kuhako so dhanatthiko;

Muddhani muddhapāte vā, ñāṇaṃ tassa na vijjati’’.

994.

‘‘Bhotī carahi jānāsi, taṃ me akkhāhi pucchitā;

Muddhaṃ muddhādhipātañca, taṃ suṇoma vaco tava’’.

995.

‘‘Ahampetaṃ na jānāmi, ñāṇamettha na vijjati;

Muddhani muddhādhipāte ca, jinānaṃ hettha [muddhaṃ muddhādhipāto ca, jinānaṃ heta (sī. syā. pī.)] dassanaṃ’’.

996.

‘‘Atha ko carahi jānāti, asmiṃ pathavimaṇḍale [puthavimaṇḍale (sī. pī.)];

Muddhaṃ muddhādhipātañca, taṃ me akkhāhi devate’’.

997.

‘‘Purā kapilavatthumhā, nikkhanto lokanāyako;

Apacco okkākarājassa, sakyaputto pabhaṅkaro.

998.

‘‘So hi brāhmaṇa sambuddho, sabbadhammāna pāragū;

Sabbābhiññābalappatto, sabbadhammesu cakkhumā;

Sabbakammakkhayaṃ patto, vimutto upadhikkhaye.

999.

‘‘Buddho so bhagavā loke, dhammaṃ deseti cakkhumā;

Taṃ tvaṃ gantvāna pucchassu, so te taṃ byākarissati’’.

1000.

Sambuddhoti vaco sutvā, udaggo bāvarī ahu;

Sokassa tanuko āsi, pītiñca vipulaṃ labhi.

1001.

So bāvarī attamano udaggo, taṃ devataṃ pucchati vedajāto;

‘‘Katamamhi gāme nigamamhi vā pana, katamamhi vā janapade lokanātho;

Yattha gantvāna passemu [gantvā namassemu (sī. syā. pī.)], sambuddhaṃ dvipaduttamaṃ’’ [dvipaduttamaṃ (sī. syā. pī.)],.

1002.

‘‘Sāvatthiyaṃ kosalamandire jino, pahūtapañño varabhūrimedhaso;

So sakyaputto vidhuro anāsavo, muddhādhipātassa vidū narāsabho’’.

1003.

Tato āmantayī sisse, brāhmaṇe mantapārage;

‘‘Etha māṇavā akkhissaṃ, suṇātha vacanaṃ mama.

1004.

‘‘Yasseso dullabho loke, pātubhāvo abhiṇhaso;

Svājja lokamhi uppanno, sambuddho iti vissuto;

Khippaṃ gantvāna sāvatthiṃ, passavho dvipaduttamaṃ’’.

1005.

‘‘Kathaṃ carahi jānemu, disvā buddhoti brāhmaṇa;

Ajānataṃ no pabrūhi, yathā jānemu taṃ mayaṃ’’.

1006.

‘‘Āgatāni hi mantesu, mahāpurisalakkhaṇā;

Dvattiṃsāni ca [dvittiṃsā ca (sī. syā. pī.), dvittiṃsa tāni (?)] byākkhātā, samattā anupubbaso.

1007.

‘‘Yassete honti gattesu, mahāpurisalakkhaṇā;

Dveyeva tassa gatiyo, tatiyā hi na vijjati.

1008.

‘‘Sace agāraṃ āvasati [ajjhāvasati (ka.)], vijeyya pathaviṃ imaṃ;

Adaṇḍena asatthena, dhammenamanusāsati.

1009.

‘‘Sace ca so pabbajati, agārā anagāriyaṃ;

Vivaṭṭacchado [vivattachaddo (sī.)] sambuddho, arahā bhavati anuttaro.

1010.

‘‘Jātiṃ gottañca lakkhaṇaṃ, mante sisse punāpare;

Muddhaṃ muddhādhipātañca, manasāyeva pucchatha.

1011.

‘‘Anāvaraṇadassāvī, yadi buddho bhavissati;

Manasā pucchite pañhe, vācāya vissajessati’’.

1012.

Bāvarissa vaco sutvā, sissā soḷasa brāhmaṇā;

Ajito tissametteyyo, puṇṇako atha mettagū.

1013.

Dhotako upasīvo ca, nando ca atha hemako;

Todeyyakappā dubhayo, jatukaṇṇī ca paṇḍito.

1014.

Bhadrāvudho udayo ca, posālo cāpi brāhmaṇo;

Mogharājā ca medhāvī, piṅgiyo ca mahāisi.

1015.

Paccekagaṇino sabbe, sabbalokassa vissutā;

Jhāyī jhānaratā dhīrā, pubbavāsanavāsitā.

1016.

Bāvariṃ abhivādetvā, katvā ca naṃ padakkhiṇaṃ;

Jaṭājinadharā sabbe, pakkāmuṃ uttarāmukhā.

1017.

Aḷakassa patiṭṭhānaṃ, purimāhissatiṃ [purimaṃ māhissatiṃ (sī. pī.), puraṃ māhissatiṃ (syā.)] tadā;

Ujjeniñcāpi gonaddhaṃ, vedisaṃ vanasavhayaṃ.

1018.

Kosambiñcāpi sāketaṃ, sāvatthiñca puruttamaṃ;

Setabyaṃ kapilavatthuṃ, kusinārañca mandiraṃ.

1019.

Pāvañca bhoganagaraṃ, vesāliṃ māgadhaṃ puraṃ;

Pāsāṇakaṃ cetiyañca, ramaṇīyaṃ manoramaṃ.

1020.

Tasitovudakaṃ sītaṃ, mahālābhaṃva vāṇijo;

Chāyaṃ ghammābhitattova, turitā pabbatamāruhuṃ.

1021.

Bhagavā tamhi samaye, bhikkhusaṅghapurakkhato;

Bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti, sīhova nadatī vane.

1022.

Ajito addasa buddhaṃ, sataraṃsiṃ [vītaraṃsiṃva (syā.), sataraṃsīva (ka.), pītaraṃsīva (niddesa)] va bhāṇumaṃ;

Candaṃ yathā pannarase, pāripūriṃ upāgataṃ.

1023.

Athassa gatte disvāna, paripūrañca byañjanaṃ;

Ekamantaṃ ṭhito haṭṭho, manopañhe apucchatha.

1024.

‘‘Ādissa jammanaṃ [jappanaṃ (ka.)] brūhi, gottaṃ brūhi salakkhaṇaṃ [brūhissa lakkhaṇaṃ (niddesa)];

Mantesu pāramiṃ brūhi, kati vāceti brāhmaṇo’’.

1025.

‘‘Vīsaṃ vassasataṃ āyu, so ca gottena bāvarī;

Tīṇissa lakkhaṇā gatte, tiṇṇaṃ vedāna pāragū.

1026.

‘‘Lakkhaṇe itihāse ca, sanighaṇḍusakeṭubhe;

Pañcasatāni vāceti, sadhamme pāramiṃ gato’’.

1027.

‘‘Lakkhaṇānaṃ pavicayaṃ, bāvarissa naruttama;

Kaṅkhacchida [taṇhacchida (bahūsu)] pakāsehi, mā no kaṅkhāyitaṃ ahu’’.

1028.

‘‘Mukhaṃ jivhāya chādeti, uṇṇassa bhamukantare;

Kosohitaṃ vatthaguyhaṃ, evaṃ jānāhi māṇava’’.

1029.

Pucchañhi kiñci asuṇanto, sutvā pañhe viyākate;

Vicinteti jano sabbo, vedajāto katañjalī.

1030.

‘‘Ko nu devo vā brahmā vā, indo vāpi sujampati;

Manasā pucchite pañhe, kametaṃ paṭibhāsati.

1031.

‘‘Muddhaṃ muddhādhipātañca, bāvarī paripucchati;

Taṃ byākarohi bhagavā, kaṅkhaṃ vinaya no ise’’.

1032.

‘‘Avijjā muddhāti jānāhi, vijjā muddhādhipātinī;

Saddhāsatisamādhīhi, chandavīriyena saṃyutā’’.

1033.

Tato vedena mahatā, santhambhitvāna māṇavo;

Ekaṃsaṃ ajinaṃ katvā, pādesu sirasā pati.

1034.

‘‘Bāvarī brāhmaṇo bhoto, saha sissehi mārisa;

Udaggacitto sumano, pāde vandati cakkhuma’’.

1035.

‘‘Sukhito bāvarī hotu, saha sissehi brāhmaṇo;

Tvañcāpi sukhito hohi, ciraṃ jīvāhi māṇava.

1036.

‘‘Bāvarissa ca tuyhaṃ vā, sabbesaṃ sabbasaṃsayaṃ;

Katāvakāsā pucchavho, yaṃ kiñci manasicchatha’’.

1037.

Sambuddhena katokāso, nisīditvāna pañjalī;

Ajito paṭhamaṃ pañhaṃ, tattha pucchi tathāgataṃ.

Vatthugāthā niṭṭhitā.

1. Ajitamāṇavapucchā

1038.

‘‘Kenassu nivuto loko, (iccāyasmā ajito)

Kenassu nappakāsati;

Kissābhilepanaṃ brūsi, kiṃsu tassa mahabbhayaṃ’’.

1039.

‘‘Avijjāya nivuto loko, (ajitāti bhagavā)

Vevicchā pamādā nappakāsati;

Jappābhilepanaṃ brūmi, dukkhamassa mahabbhayaṃ’’.

1040.

‘‘Savanti sabbadhi sotā, (iccāyasmā ajito)

Sotānaṃ kiṃ nivāraṇaṃ;

Sotānaṃ saṃvaraṃ brūhi, kena sotā pidhiyyare’’ [pithiyyare (sī. syā. pī.), pithīyare (sī. aṭṭha.), pidhīyare (?)].

1041.

‘‘Yāni sotāni lokasmiṃ, (ajitāti bhagavā)

Sati tesaṃ nivāraṇaṃ;

Sotānaṃ saṃvaraṃ brūmi, paññāyete pidhiyyare’’.

1042.

‘‘Paññā ceva sati yañca [satī ceva (sī.), satī ca (syā.), satī cāpi (pī. niddesa), sati cāpi (niddesa)], (iccāyasmā ajito)

Nāmarūpañca mārisa;

Etaṃ me puṭṭho pabrūhi, katthetaṃ uparujjhati’’.

1043.

‘‘Yametaṃ pañhaṃ apucchi, ajita taṃ vadāmi te;

Yattha nāmañca rūpañca, asesaṃ uparujjhati;

Viññāṇassa nirodhena, etthetaṃ uparujjhati’’.

1044.

‘‘Ye ca saṅkhātadhammāse, ye ca sekhā puthū idha;

Tesaṃ me nipako iriyaṃ, puṭṭho pabrūhi mārisa’’.

1045.

‘‘Kāmesu nābhigijjheyya, manasānāvilo siyā;

Kusalo sabbadhammānaṃ, sato bhikkhu paribbaje’’ti.

Ajitamāṇavapucchā paṭhamā niṭṭhitā.

2. Tissametteyyamāṇavapucchā

1046.

‘‘Kodha santusito loke, (iccāyasmā tissametteyyo)

Kassa no santi iñjitā;

Ko ubhantamabhiññāya, majjhe mantā na lippati [limpati (ka.)];

Kaṃ brūsi mahāpurisoti, ko idha sibbinimaccagā’’.

1047.

‘‘Kāmesu brahmacariyavā, (metteyyāti bhagavā)

Vītataṇho sadā sato;

Saṅkhāya nibbuto bhikkhu, tassa no santi iñjitā.

1048.

‘‘So ubhantamabhiññāya, majjhe mantā na lippati;

Taṃ brūmi mahāpurisoti, so idha sibbinimaccagā’’ti.

Tissametteyyamāṇavapucchā dutiyā niṭṭhitā.

3. Puṇṇakamāṇavapucchā

1049.

‘‘Anejaṃ mūladassāviṃ, (iccāyasmā puṇṇako)

Atthi [atthī (syā.)] pañhena āgamaṃ;

Kiṃ nissitā isayo manujā, khattiyā brāhmaṇā devatānaṃ;

Yaññamakappayiṃsu puthūdha loke, pucchāmi taṃ bhagavā brūhi me taṃ’’.

1050.

‘‘Ye kecime isayo manujā, (puṇṇakāti bhagavā)

Khattiyā brāhmaṇā devatānaṃ;

Yaññamakappayiṃsu puthūdha loke, āsīsamānā puṇṇaka itthattaṃ [itthabhāvaṃ (sī. syā.)];

Jaraṃ sitā yaññamakappayiṃsu’’.

1051.

‘‘Ye kecime isayo manujā, (iccāyasmā puṇṇako)

Khattiyā brāhmaṇā devatānaṃ;

Yaññamakappayiṃsu puthūdha loke, kaccissu te bhagavā yaññapathe appamattā;

Atāruṃ jātiñca jarañca mārisa, pucchāmi taṃ bhagavā brūhi me taṃ’’.

1052.

‘‘Āsīsanti thomayanti, abhijappanti juhanti; (Puṇṇakāti bhagavā)

Kāmābhijappanti paṭicca lābhaṃ, te yājayogā bhavarāgarattā;

Nātariṃsu jātijaranti brūmi’’.

1053.

‘‘Te ce nātariṃsu yājayogā, (iccāyasmā puṇṇako)

Yaññehi jātiñca jarañca mārisa;

Atha ko carahi devamanussaloke, atāri jātiñca jarañca mārisa;

Pucchāmi taṃ bhagavā brūhi me taṃ’’.

1054.

‘‘Saṅkhāya lokasmi paroparāni [parovarāni (sī. syā.)], (puṇṇakāti bhagavā)

Yassiñjitaṃ natthi kuhiñci loke;

Santo vidhūmo anīgho nirāso, atāri so jātijaranti brūmī’’ti.

Puṇṇakamāṇavapucchā tatiyā niṭṭhitā.

4. Mettagūmāṇavapucchā

1055.

‘‘Pucchāmi taṃ bhagavā brūhi me taṃ, (iccāyasmā mettagū)

Maññāmi taṃ vedaguṃ bhāvitattaṃ;

Kuto nu dukkhā samudāgatā ime, ye keci lokasmimanekarūpā’’.

1056.

‘‘Dukkhassa ve maṃ pabhavaṃ apucchasi, (mettagūti bhagavā)

Taṃ te pavakkhāmi yathā pajānaṃ;

Upadhinidānā pabhavanti dukkhā, ye keci lokasmimanekarūpā.

1057.

‘‘Yo ve avidvā upadhiṃ karoti, punappunaṃ dukkhamupeti mando;

Tasmā pajānaṃ upadhiṃ na kayirā, dukkhassa jātippabhavānupassī’’.

1058.

‘‘Yaṃ taṃ apucchimha akittayī no, aññaṃ taṃ pucchāma [pucchāmi (sī. pī.)] tadiṅgha brūhi;

Kathaṃ nu dhīrā vitaranti oghaṃ, jātiṃ jaraṃ sokapariddavañca;

Taṃ me muni sādhu viyākarohi, tathā hi te vidito esa dhammo’’.

1059.

‘‘Kittayissāmi te dhammaṃ, (mettagūti bhagavā)

Diṭṭhe dhamme anītihaṃ;

Yaṃ viditvā sato caraṃ, tare loke visattikaṃ’’.

1060.

‘‘Tañcāhaṃ abhinandāmi, mahesi dhammamuttamaṃ;

Yaṃ viditvā sato caraṃ, tare loke visattikaṃ’’.

1061.

‘‘Yaṃ kiñci sampajānāsi, (mettagūti bhagavā)

Uddhaṃ adho tiriyañcāpi majjhe;

Etesu nandiñca nivesanañca, panujja viññāṇaṃ bhave na tiṭṭhe.

1062.

‘‘Evaṃvihārī sato appamatto, bhikkhu caraṃ hitvā mamāyitāni;

Jātiṃ jaraṃ sokapariddavañca, idheva vidvā pajaheyya dukkhaṃ’’.

1063.

‘‘Etābhinandāmi vaco mahesino, sukittitaṃ gotamanūpadhīkaṃ;

Addhā hi bhagavā pahāsi dukkhaṃ, tathā hi te vidito esa dhammo.

1064.

‘‘Te cāpi nūnappajaheyyu dukkhaṃ, ye tvaṃ muni aṭṭhitaṃ ovadeyya;

Taṃ taṃ namassāmi samecca nāga, appeva maṃ bhagavā aṭṭhitaṃ ovadeyya’’.

1065.

‘‘Yaṃ brāhmaṇaṃ vedagumābhijaññā, akiñcanaṃ kāmabhave asattaṃ;

Addhā hi so oghamimaṃ atāri, tiṇṇo ca pāraṃ akhilo akaṅkho.

1066.

‘‘Vidvā ca yo [so (sī. syā. pī.)] vedagū naro idha, bhavābhave saṅgamimaṃ visajja;

So vītataṇho anīgho nirāso, atāri so jātijaranti brūmī’’ti.

Mettagūmāṇavapucchā catutthī niṭṭhitā.

5. Dhotakamāṇavapucchā

1067.

‘‘Pucchāmi taṃ bhagavā brūhi me taṃ, (iccāyasmā dhotako)

Vācābhikaṅkhāmi mahesi tuyhaṃ;

Tava sutvāna nigghosaṃ, sikkhe nibbānamattano’’.

1068.

‘‘Tenahātappaṃ karohi, (dhotakāti bhagavā) idheva nipako sato;

Ito sutvāna nigghosaṃ, sikkhe nibbānamattano’’.

1069.

‘‘Passāmahaṃ devamanussaloke, akiñcanaṃ brāhmaṇamiriyamānaṃ;

Taṃ taṃ namassāmi samantacakkhu, pamuñca maṃ sakka kathaṃkathāhi’’.

1070.

‘‘Nāhaṃ sahissāmi [samissāmi (syā.), gamissāmi (sī.), samīhāmi (pī.)] pamocanāya, kathaṃkathiṃ dhotaka kañci loke;

Dhammañca seṭṭhaṃ abhijānamāno [ājānamāno (sī. syā. pī.)], evaṃ tuvaṃ oghamimaṃ taresi’’.

1071.

‘‘Anusāsa brahme karuṇāyamāno, vivekadhammaṃ yamahaṃ vijaññaṃ;

Yathāhaṃ ākāsova abyāpajjamāno, idheva santo asito careyyaṃ’’.

1072.

‘‘Kittayissāmi te santiṃ, (dhotakāti bhagavā) diṭṭhe dhamme anītihaṃ;

Yaṃ viditvā sato caraṃ, tare loke visattikaṃ’’.

1073.

‘‘Tañcāhaṃ abhinandāmi, mahesi santimuttamaṃ;

Yaṃ viditvā sato caraṃ, tare loke visattikaṃ’’.

1074.

‘‘Yaṃ kiñci sampajānāsi, (dhotakāti bhagavā)

Uddhaṃ adho tiriyañcāpi majjhe;

Etaṃ viditvā saṅgoti loke, bhavābhavāya mākāsi taṇha’’nti.

Dhotakamāṇavapucchā pañcamī niṭṭhitā.

6. Upasīvamāṇavapucchā

1075.

‘‘Eko ahaṃ sakka mahantamoghaṃ, (iccāyasmā upasīvo)

Anissito no visahāmi tārituṃ;

Ārammaṇaṃ brūhi samantacakkhu, yaṃ nissito oghamimaṃ tareyyaṃ’’.

1076.

‘‘Ākiñcaññaṃ pekkhamāno satimā, (upasīvāti bhagavā)

Natthīti nissāya tarassu oghaṃ;

Kāme pahāya virato kathāhi, taṇhakkhayaṃ nattamahābhipassa’’ [rattamahābhipassa (syā.), rattamahaṃ vipassa (ka.)].

1077.

‘‘Sabbesu kāmesu yo vītarāgo, (iccāyasmā upasīvo)

Ākiñcaññaṃ nissito hitvā maññaṃ;

Saññāvimokkhe parame vimutto [dhimutto (ka.)], tiṭṭhe nu so tattha anānuyāyī’’ [anānuvāyī (syā. ka.)].

1078.

‘‘Sabbesu kāmesu yo vītarāgo, (upasīvāti bhagavā)

Ākiñcaññaṃ nissito hitvā maññaṃ;

Saññāvimokkhe parame vimutto, tiṭṭheyya so tattha anānuyāyī’’.

1079.

‘‘Tiṭṭhe ce so tattha anānuyāyī, pūgampi vassānaṃ samantacakkhu;

Tattheva so sītisiyā vimutto, cavetha viññāṇaṃ tathāvidhassa’’.

1080.

‘‘Accī yathā vātavegena khittā [khittaṃ (syā.), khitto (pī.)], (upasīvāti bhagavā)

Atthaṃ paleti na upeti saṅkhaṃ;

Evaṃ munī nāmakāyā vimutto, atthaṃ paleti na upeti saṅkhaṃ’’.

1081.

‘‘Atthaṅgato so uda vā so natthi, udāhu ve sassatiyā arogo;

Taṃ me munī sādhu viyākarohi, tathā hi te vidito esa dhammo’’.

1082.

‘‘Atthaṅgatassa na pamāṇamatthi, (upasīvāti bhagavā)

Yena naṃ vajjuṃ taṃ tassa natthi;

Sabbesu dhammesu samūhatesu, samūhatā vādapathāpi sabbe’’ti.

Upasīvamāṇavapucchā chaṭṭhī niṭṭhitā.

7. Nandamāṇavapucchā

1083.

‘‘Santi loke munayo, (iccāyasmā nando)

Janā vadanti tayidaṃ kathaṃsu;

Ñāṇūpapannaṃ no muniṃ [muni no (syā. ka.)] vadanti, udāhu ve jīvitenūpapannaṃ’’.

1084.

‘‘Na diṭṭhiyā na sutiyā na ñāṇena, (na sīlabbatena) [( ) natthi sī.-pī potthakesu]

Munīdha nanda kusalā vadanti;

Visenikatvā anīghā nirāsā, caranti ye te munayoti brūmi’’.

1085.

‘‘Ye kecime samaṇabrāhmaṇāse, (iccāyasmā nando)

Diṭṭhassutenāpi [diṭṭhena sutenāpi (sī.), diṭṭhe sutenāpi (syā. pī. ka.)] vadanti suddhiṃ;

Sīlabbatenāpi vadanti suddhiṃ, anekarūpena vadanti suddhiṃ;

Kaccissu te bhagavā tattha yatā carantā, atāru jātiñca jarañca mārisa;

Pucchāmi taṃ bhagavā brūhi me taṃ’’.

1086.

‘‘Ye kecime samaṇabrāhmaṇāse, (nandāti bhagavā)

Diṭṭhassutenāpi vadanti suddhiṃ;

Sīlabbatenāpi vadanti suddhiṃ, anekarūpena vadanti suddhiṃ;

Kiñcāpi te tattha yatā caranti, nāriṃsu jātijaranti brūmi’’.

1087.

‘‘Ye kecime samaṇabrāhmaṇāse, (iccāyasmā nando)

Diṭṭhassutenāpi vadanti suddhiṃ;

Sīlabbatenāpi vadanti suddhiṃ, anekarūpena vadanti suddhiṃ;

Te ce muni [sace muni (sī.)] brūsi anoghatiṇṇe, atha ko carahi devamanussaloke;

Atāri jātiñca jarañca mārisa, pucchāmi taṃ bhagavā brūhi me taṃ’’.

1088.

‘‘Nāhaṃ sabbe samaṇabrāhmaṇāse, (nandāti bhagavā)

Jātijarāya nivutāti brūmi;

Ye sīdha diṭṭhaṃva sutaṃ mutaṃ vā, sīlabbataṃ vāpi pahāya sabbaṃ;

Anekarūpampi pahāya sabbaṃ, taṇhaṃ pariññāya anāsavāse;

Te ve narā oghatiṇṇāti brūmi’’.

1089.

‘‘Etābhinandāmi vaco mahesino, sukittitaṃ gotamanūpadhīkaṃ;

Ye sīdha diṭṭhaṃ va sutaṃ mutaṃ vā, sīlabbataṃ vāpi pahāya sabbaṃ;

Anekarūpampi pahāya sabbaṃ, taṇhaṃ pariññāya anāsavāse;

Ahampi te oghatiṇṇāti brūmī’’ti.

Nandamāṇavapucchā sattamā niṭṭhitā.

8. Hemakamāṇavapucchā

1090.

‘‘Ye me pubbe viyākaṃsu, (iccāyasmā hemako)

Huraṃ gotamasāsanā;

Iccāsi iti bhavissati, sabbaṃ taṃ itihītihaṃ;

Sabbaṃ taṃ takkavaḍḍhanaṃ, nāhaṃ tattha abhiramiṃ.

1091.

‘‘Tvañca me dhammamakkhāhi, taṇhānigghātanaṃ muni;

Yaṃ viditvā sato caraṃ, tare loke visattikaṃ’’.

1092.

‘‘Idha diṭṭhasutamutaviññātesu, piyarūpesu hemaka;

Chandarāgavinodanaṃ, nibbānapadamaccutaṃ.

1093.

‘‘Etadaññāya ye satā, diṭṭhadhammābhinibbutā;

Upasantā ca te sadā, tiṇṇā loke visattika’’nti.

Hemakamāṇavapucchā aṭṭhamā niṭṭhitā.

9. Todeyyamāṇavapucchā

1094.

‘‘Yasmiṃ kāmā na vasanti, (iccāyasmā todeyyo)

Taṇhā yassa na vijjati;

Kathaṃkathā ca yo tiṇṇo, vimokkho tassa kīdiso’’.

1095.

‘‘Yasmiṃ kāmā na vasanti, (todeyyāti bhagavā)

Taṇhā yassa na vijjati;

Kathaṃkathā ca yo tiṇṇo, vimokkho tassa nāparo’’.

1096.

‘‘Nirāsaso so uda āsasāno, paññāṇavā so uda paññakappī;

Muniṃ ahaṃ sakka yathā vijaññaṃ, taṃ me viyācikkha samantacakkhu’’.

1097.

‘‘Nirāsaso so na ca āsasāno, paññāṇavā so na ca paññakappī;

Evampi todeyya muniṃ vijāna, akiñcanaṃ kāmabhave asatta’’nti.

Todeyyamāṇavapucchā navamā niṭṭhitā.

10. Kappamāṇavapucchā

1098.

‘‘Majjhe sarasmiṃ tiṭṭhataṃ, (iccāyasmā kappo)

Oghe jāte mahabbhaye;

Jarāmaccuparetānaṃ, dīpaṃ pabrūhi mārisa;

Tvañca me dīpamakkhāhi, yathāyidaṃ nāparaṃ siyā’’.

1099.

‘‘Majjhe sarasmiṃ tiṭṭhataṃ, (kappāti bhagavā)

Oghe jāte mahabbhaye;

Jarāmaccuparetānaṃ, dīpaṃ pabrūmi kappa te.

1100.

‘‘Akiñcanaṃ anādānaṃ, etaṃ dīpaṃ anāparaṃ;

Nibbānaṃ iti [nibbānamīti (sī.)] naṃ brūmi, jarāmaccuparikkhayaṃ.

1101.

‘‘Etadaññāya ye satā, diṭṭhadhammābhinibbutā;

Na te māravasānugā, na te mārassa paddhagū’’ti [paṭṭhagūti (syā. ka.)].

Kappamāṇavapucchā dasamā niṭṭhitā.

11. Jatukaṇṇimāṇavapucchā

1102.

‘‘Sutvānahaṃ vīramakāmakāmiṃ, (iccāyasmā jatukaṇṇi)

Oghātigaṃ puṭṭhumakāmamāgamaṃ;

Santipadaṃ brūhi sahajanetta, yathātacchaṃ bhagavā brūhi me taṃ.

1103.

‘‘Bhagavā hi kāme abhibhuyya iriyati, ādiccova pathaviṃ tejī tejasā;

Parittapaññassa me bhūripañña, ācikkha dhammaṃ yamahaṃ vijaññaṃ;

Jātijarāya idha vippahānaṃ’’.

1104.

‘‘Kāmesu vinaya gedhaṃ, (jatukaṇṇīti bhagavā) nekkhammaṃ daṭṭhu khemato;

Uggahītaṃ nirattaṃ vā, mā te vijjittha kiñcanaṃ.

1105.

‘‘Yaṃ pubbe taṃ visosehi, pacchā te māhu kiñcanaṃ;

Majjhe ce no gahessasi, upasanto carissasi.

1106.

‘‘Sabbaso nāmarūpasmiṃ, vītagedhassa brāhmaṇa;

Āsavāssa na vijjanti, yehi maccuvasaṃ vaje’’ti.

Jatukaṇṇimāṇavapucchā ekādasamā niṭṭhitā.

12. Bhadrāvudhamāṇavapucchā

1107.

‘‘Okañjahaṃ taṇhacchidaṃ anejaṃ, (iccāyasmā bhadrāvudho)

Nandiñjahaṃ oghatiṇṇaṃ vimuttaṃ;

Kappañjahaṃ abhiyāce sumedhaṃ, sutvāna nāgassa apanamissanti ito.

1108.

‘‘Nānājanā janapadehi saṅgatā, tava vīra vākyaṃ abhikaṅkhamānā;

Tesaṃ tuvaṃ sādhu viyākarohi, tathā hi te vidito esa dhammo’’.

1109.

‘‘Ādānataṇhaṃ vinayetha sabbaṃ, (bhadrāvudhāti bhagavā)

Uddhaṃ adho tiriyañcāpi majjhe;

Yaṃ yañhi lokasmimupādiyanti, teneva māro anveti jantuṃ.

1110.

‘‘Tasmā pajānaṃ na upādiyetha, bhikkhu sato kiñcanaṃ sabbaloke;

Ādānasatte iti pekkhamāno, pajaṃ imaṃ maccudheyye visatta’’nti.

Bhadrāvudhamāṇavapucchā dvādasamā niṭṭhitā.

13. Udayamāṇavapucchā

1111.

‘‘Jhāyiṃ virajamāsīnaṃ, (iccāyasmā udayo) katakiccaṃ anāsavaṃ;

Pāraguṃ sabbadhammānaṃ, atthi pañhena āgamaṃ;

Aññāvimokkhaṃ pabrūhi, avijjāya pabhedanaṃ’’.

1112.

‘‘Pahānaṃ kāmacchandānaṃ, (udayāti bhagavā) domanassāna cūbhayaṃ;

Thinassa ca panūdanaṃ, kukkuccānaṃ nivāraṇaṃ.

1113.

‘‘Upekkhāsatisaṃsuddhaṃ, dhammatakkapurejavaṃ;

Aññāvimokkhaṃ pabrūmi, avijjāya pabhedanaṃ’’.

1114.

‘‘Kiṃsu saṃyojano loko, kiṃsu tassa vicāraṇaṃ;

Kissassa vippahānena, nibbānaṃ iti vuccati’’.

1115.

‘‘Nandisaṃyojano loko, vitakkassa vicāraṇaṃ;

Taṇhāya vippahānena, nibbānaṃ iti vuccati’’.

1116.

‘‘Kathaṃ satassa carato, viññāṇaṃ uparujjhati;

Bhagavantaṃ puṭṭhumāgamma, taṃ suṇoma vaco tava’’.

1117.

‘‘Ajjhattañca bahiddhā ca, vedanaṃ nābhinandato;

Evaṃ satassa carato, viññāṇaṃ uparujjhatī’’ti.

Udayamāṇavapucchā terasamā niṭṭhitā.

14. Posālamāṇavapucchā

1118.

‘‘Yo atītaṃ ādisati, (iccāyasmā posālo) anejo chinnasaṃsayo;

Pāraguṃ sabbadhammānaṃ, atthi pañhena āgamaṃ.

1119.

‘‘Vibhūtarūpasaññissa , sabbakāyappahāyino;

Ajjhattañca bahiddhā ca, natthi kiñcīti passato;

Ñāṇaṃ sakkānupucchāmi, kathaṃ neyyo tathāvidho’’.

1120.

‘‘Viññāṇaṭṭhitiyo sabbā, (posālāti bhagavā) abhijānaṃ tathāgato;

Tiṭṭhantamenaṃ jānāti, vimuttaṃ tapparāyaṇaṃ.

1121.

‘‘Ākiñcaññasambhavaṃ ñatvā, nandī saṃyojanaṃ iti;

Evametaṃ abhiññāya, tato tattha vipassati;

Etaṃ [evaṃ (syā. ka.)] ñāṇaṃ tathaṃ tassa, brāhmaṇassa vusīmato’’ti.

Posālamāṇavapucchā cuddasamā niṭṭhitā.

15. Mogharājamāṇavapucchā

1122.

‘‘Dvāhaṃ sakkaṃ apucchissaṃ, (iccāyasmā mogharājā)

Na me byākāsi cakkhumā;

Yāvatatiyañca devīsi, byākarotīti me sutaṃ.

1123.

‘‘Ayaṃ loko paro loko, brahmaloko sadevako;

Diṭṭhiṃ te nābhijānāti, gotamassa yasassino.

1124.

‘‘Evaṃ abhikkantadassāviṃ, atthi pañhena āgamaṃ;

Kathaṃ lokaṃ avekkhantaṃ, maccurājā na passati’’.

1125.

‘‘Suññato lokaṃ avekkhassu, mogharāja sadā sato;

Attānudiṭṭhiṃ ūhacca, evaṃ maccutaro siyā;

Evaṃ lokaṃ avekkhantaṃ, maccurājā na passatī’’ti.

Mogharājamāṇavapucchā pannarasamā niṭṭhitā.

16. Piṅgiyamāṇavapucchā

1126.

‘‘Jiṇṇohamasmi abalo vītavaṇṇo, (iccāyasmā piṅgiyo)

Nettā na suddhā savanaṃ na phāsu;

Māhaṃ nassaṃ momuho antarāva

Ācikkha dhammaṃ yamahaṃ vijaññaṃ;

Jātijarāya idha vippahānaṃ’’.

1127.

‘‘Disvāna rūpesu vihaññamāne, (piṅgiyāti bhagavā)

Ruppanti rūpesu janā pamattā;

Tasmā tuvaṃ piṅgiya appamatto,

Jahassu rūpaṃ apunabbhavāya’’.

1128.

‘‘Disā catasso vidisā catasso, uddhaṃ adho dasa disā imāyo;

Na tuyhaṃ adiṭṭhaṃ asutaṃ amutaṃ [asutaṃ amutaṃ vā (sī.), asutāmutaṃ vā (syā.), asutaṃ’mutaṃ vā (pī.)], atho aviññātaṃ kiñcanamatthi [kiñci matthi (syā.), kiñci natthi (pī.), kiñcinamatthi (ka.)] loke;

Ācikkha dhammaṃ yamahaṃ vijaññaṃ, jātijarāya idha vippahānaṃ’’.

1129.

‘‘Taṇhādhipanne manuje pekkhamāno, (piṅgiyāti bhagavā)

Santāpajāte jarasā parete;

Tasmā tuvaṃ piṅgiya appamatto, jahassu taṇhaṃ apunabbhavāyā’’ti.

Piṅgiyamāṇavapucchā soḷasamā niṭṭhitā.

Pārāyanatthutigāthā

Idamavoca bhagavā magadhesu viharanto pāsāṇake cetiye, paricārakasoḷasānaṃ [paricārakasoḷasannaṃ (syā. ka.)] brāhmaṇānaṃ ajjhiṭṭho puṭṭho puṭṭho pañhaṃ [pañhe (sī. pī.)] byākāsi. Ekamekassa cepi pañhassa atthamaññāya dhammamaññāya dhammānudhammaṃ paṭipajjeyya, gaccheyyeva jarāmaraṇassa pāraṃ. Pāraṅgamanīyā ime dhammāti, tasmā imassa dhammapariyāyassa pārāyananteva [pārāyaṇaṃtveva (sī. aṭṭha.)] adhivacanaṃ.

1130.

Ajito tissametteyyo, puṇṇako atha mettagū;

Dhotako upasīvo ca, nando ca atha hemako.

1131.

Todeyya-kappā dubhayo, jatukaṇṇī ca paṇḍito;

Bhadrāvudho udayo ca, posālo cāpi brāhmaṇo;

Mogharājā ca medhāvī, piṅgiyo ca mahāisi.

1132.

Ete buddhaṃ upāgacchuṃ, sampannacaraṇaṃ isiṃ;

Pucchantā nipuṇe pañhe, buddhaseṭṭhaṃ upāgamuṃ.

1133.

Tesaṃ buddho pabyākāsi, pañhe puṭṭho yathātathaṃ;

Pañhānaṃ veyyākaraṇena, tosesi brāhmaṇe muni.

1134.

Te tositā cakkhumatā, buddhenādiccabandhunā;

Brahmacariyamacariṃsu, varapaññassa santike.

1135.

Ekamekassa pañhassa, yathā buddhena desitaṃ;

Tathā yo paṭipajjeyya, gacche pāraṃ apārato.

1136.

Apārā pāraṃ gaccheyya, bhāvento maggamuttamaṃ;

Maggo so pāraṃ gamanāya, tasmā pārāyanaṃ iti.

Pārāyanānugītigāthā

1137.

‘‘Pārāyanamanugāyissaṃ, (iccāyasmā piṅgiyo)

Yathāddakkhi tathākkhāsi, vimalo bhūrimedhaso;

Nikkāmo nibbano [nibbuto (syā.)] nāgo, kissa hetu musā bhaṇe.

1138.

‘‘Pahīnamalamohassa , mānamakkhappahāyino;

Handāhaṃ kittayissāmi, giraṃ vaṇṇūpasañhitaṃ.

1139.

‘‘Tamonudo buddho samantacakkhu, lokantagū sabbabhavātivatto;

Anāsavo sabbadukkhapahīno, saccavhayo brahme upāsito me.

1140.

‘‘Dijo yathā kubbanakaṃ pahāya, bahupphalaṃ kānanamāvaseyya;

Evaṃ pahaṃ appadasse pahāya, mahodadhiṃ haṃsoriva ajjhapatto.

1141.

‘‘Yeme pubbe viyākaṃsu, huraṃ gotamasāsanā;

Iccāsi iti bhavissati;

Sabbaṃ taṃ itihitihaṃ, sabbaṃ taṃ takkavaḍḍhanaṃ.

1142.

‘‘Eko tamanudāsino, jutimā so pabhaṅkaro;

Gotamo bhūripaññāṇo, gotamo bhūrimedhaso.

1143.

‘‘Yo me dhammamadesesi, sandiṭṭhikamakālikaṃ;

Taṇhakkhayamanītikaṃ , yassa natthi upamā kvaci’’.

1144.

‘‘Kiṃnu tamhā vippavasasi, muhuttamapi piṅgiya;

Gotamā bhūripaññāṇā, gotamā bhūrimedhasā.

1145.

‘‘Yo te dhammamadesesi, sandiṭṭhikamakālikaṃ;

Taṇhakkhayamanītikaṃ, yassa natthi upamā kvaci’’.

1146.

‘‘Nāhaṃ tamhā vippavasāmi, muhuttamapi brāhmaṇa;

Gotamā bhūripaññāṇā, gotamā bhūrimedhasā.

1147.

‘‘Yo me dhammamadesesi, sandiṭṭhikamakālikaṃ;

Taṇhakkhayamanītikaṃ, yassa natthi upamā kvaci.

1148.

‘‘Passāmi naṃ manasā cakkhunāva, rattindivaṃ brāhmaṇa appamatto;

Namassamāno vivasemi rattiṃ, teneva maññāmi avippavāsaṃ.

1149.

‘‘Saddhā ca pīti ca mano sati ca, nāpenti me gotamasāsanamhā;

Yaṃ yaṃ disaṃ vajati bhūripañño, sa tena teneva natohamasmi.

1150.

‘‘Jiṇṇassa me dubbalathāmakassa, teneva kāyo na paleti tattha;

Saṃkappayantāya [saṃkappayattāya (sī.)] vajāmi niccaṃ, mano hi me brāhmaṇa tena yutto.

1151.

‘‘Paṅke sayāno pariphandamāno, dīpā dīpaṃ upaplaviṃ [upallaviṃ (syā. niddesa)];

Athaddasāsiṃ sambuddhaṃ, oghatiṇṇamanāsavaṃ’’.

1152.

‘‘Yathā ahū vakkali muttasaddho, bhadrāvudho āḷavi gotamo ca;

Evameva tvampi pamuñcassu saddhaṃ,

Gamissasi tvaṃ piṅgiya maccudheyyassa pāraṃ’’ [maccudheyyapāraṃ (sī.)].

1153.

‘‘Esa bhiyyo pasīdāmi, sutvāna munino vaco;

Vivaṭṭacchado sambuddho, akhilo paṭibhānavā.

1154.

‘‘Adhideve abhiññāya, sabbaṃ vedi varovaraṃ [paro varaṃ (sī. syā.), paro paraṃ (niddesa)];

Pañhānantakaro satthā, kaṅkhīnaṃ paṭijānataṃ.

1155.

‘‘Asaṃhīraṃ asaṅkuppaṃ, yassa natthi upamā kvaci;

Addhā gamissāmi na mettha kaṅkhā, evaṃ maṃ dhārehi adhimuttacitta’’nti.

Pārāyanavaggo pañcamo niṭṭhito.

Suttuddānaṃ –

1.

Urago [imā uddānagāthāyo sī. pī. potthakesu na santi] dhaniyopi ca, khaggavisāṇo kasi ca;

Cundo bhavo punadeva, vasalo ca karaṇīyañca;

Hemavato atha yakkho, vijayasuttaṃ munisuttavaranti.

2.

Paṭhamakaṭṭhavaro varavaggo, dvādasasuttadharo suvibhatto;

Desito cakkhumatā vimalena, suyyati vaggavaro uragoti.

3.

Ratanāmagandho hirimaṅgalanāmo, sucilomakapilo ca brāhmaṇadhammo;

Nāvā [nātha (ka.)] kiṃsīlauṭṭhahano ca, rāhulo ca punapi vaṅgīso.

4.

Sammāparibbājanīyopi cettha, dhammikasuttavaro suvibhatto;

Cuddasasuttadharo dutiyamhi, cūḷakavaggavaroti tamāhu.

5.

Pabbajjapadhānasubhāsitanāmo, pūraḷāso punadeva māgho ca;

Sabhiyaṃ keṇiyameva sallanāmo, vāseṭṭhavaro kālikopi ca.

6.

Nālakasuttavaro suvibhatto, taṃ anupassī tathā punadeva;

Dvādasasuttadharo tatiyamhi, suyyati vaggavaro mahānāmo.

7.

Kāmaguhaṭṭhakaduṭṭhakanāmā , suddhavaro paramaṭṭhakanāmo;

Jarā mettiyavaro suvibhatto, pasūramāgaṇḍiyā purābhedo.

8.

Kalahavivādo ubho viyuhā ca, tuvaṭakaattadaṇḍasāriputtā;

Soḷasasuttadharo catutthamhi, aṭṭhakavaggavaroti tamāhu.

9.

Magadhe janapade ramaṇīye, desavare katapuññanivese;

Pāsāṇakacetiyavare suvibhatte, vasi bhagavā gaṇaseṭṭho.

10.

Ubhayavāsamāgatiyamhi [ubhayaṃ vā puṇṇasamāgataṃ yamhi (syā.)], dvādasayojaniyā parisāya;

Soḷasabrāhmaṇānaṃ kira puṭṭho, pucchāya soḷasapañhakammiyā;

Nippakāsayi dhammamadāsi.

11.

Atthapakāsakabyañjanapuṇṇaṃ, dhammamadesesi parakhemajaniyaṃ [varaṃ khamanīyaṃ (ka.)];

Lokahitāya jino dvipadaggo, suttavaraṃ bahudhammavicitraṃ;

Sabbakilesapamocanahetuṃ, desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

12.

Byañjanamatthapadaṃ samayuttaṃ [byañjanamatthapadasamayuttaṃ (syā.)], akkharasaññitaopamagāḷhaṃ;

Lokavicāraṇañāṇapabhaggaṃ, desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

13.

Rāgamale amalaṃ vimalaggaṃ, dosamale amalaṃ vimalaggaṃ;

Mohamale amalaṃ vimalaggaṃ, lokavicāraṇañāṇapabhaggaṃ;

Desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

14.

Klesamale amalaṃ vimalaggaṃ, duccaritamale amalaṃ vimalaggaṃ;

Lokavicāraṇañāṇapabhaggaṃ, desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

15.

Āsavabandhanayogākilesaṃ, nīvaraṇāni ca tīṇi malāni;

Tassa kilesapamocanahetuṃ, desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

16.

Nimmalasabbakilesapanūdaṃ, rāgavirāgamanejamasokaṃ;

Santapaṇītasududdasadhammaṃ, desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

17.

Rāgañca dosakamabhañjitasantaṃ [dosañca bhañjitasantaṃ (syā.)], yonicatuggatipañcaviññāṇaṃ;

Taṇhāratacchadanatāṇalatāpamokkhaṃ [taṇhātalaratacchedanatāṇapamokkhaṃ (syā.)], desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

18.

Gambhīraduddasasaṇhanipuṇaṃ, paṇḍitavedaniyaṃ nipuṇatthaṃ;

Lokavicāraṇañāṇapabhaggaṃ, desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

19.

Navaṅgakusumamālagīveyyaṃ, indriyajhānavimokkhavibhattaṃ;

Aṭṭhaṅgamaggadharaṃ varayānaṃ, desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

20.

Somupamaṃ vimalaṃ parisuddhaṃ, aṇṇavamūpamaratanasucittaṃ;

Pupphasamaṃ ravimūpamatejaṃ, desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggo.

21.

Khemasivaṃ sukhasītalasantaṃ, maccutatāṇaparaṃ paramatthaṃ;

Tassa sunibbutadassanahetuṃ, desayi suttavaraṃ dvipadaggoti.

Suttanipātapāḷi niṭṭhitā.

 

* Bài viết trích trong Khuddakanikāya >> Suttapiṭaka >> Tipiṭaka (Mūla), nguồn Tipitaka.org. Tải sách PDF tại đây.

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