Samyuttanikayo Khandhavaggo

Evaṃ me sutaṃ – ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā bhaggesu viharati susumāragire [suṃsumāragire (sī.
syā. kaṃ. pī.)]
bhesakaḷāvane migadāye. Atha kho nakulapitā gahapati yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami;
upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho nakulapitā
gahapati bhagavantaṃ etadavoca –
‘‘Ahamasmi, bhante, jiṇṇo vuḍḍho mahallako addhagato vayoanuppatto āturakāyo
abhikkhaṇātaṅko. Aniccadassāvī kho panāhaṃ, bhante, bhagavato manobhāvanīyānañca bhikkhūnaṃ.
Ovadatu maṃ, bhante, bhagavā; anusāsatu maṃ, bhante, bhagavā; yaṃ mamassa dīgharattaṃ hitāya
sukhāyā’’ti.
‘‘Evametaṃ, gahapati, evametaṃ, gahapati! Āturo hāyaṃ, gahapati, kāyo aṇḍabhūto pariyonaddho.
Yo hi, gahapati, imaṃ kāyaṃ pariharanto muhuttampi ārogyaṃ paṭijāneyya, kimaññatra bālyā?
Tasmātiha te, gahapati, evaṃ sikkhitabbaṃ – ‘āturakāyassa me sato cittaṃ anāturaṃ bhavissatī’ti.
Evañhi te, gahapati, sikkhitabba’’nti.
Atha kho nakulapitā gahapati bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā
bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā yenāyasmā sāriputto tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā
āyasmantaṃ sāriputtaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho nakulapitaraṃ
gahapatiṃ āyasmā sāriputto etadavoca – ‘‘vippasannāni kho te, gahapati, indriyāni; parisuddho
mukhavaṇṇo pariyodāto. Alattha no ajja bhagavato sammukhā dhammiṃ kathaṃ savanāyā’’ti?
‘‘Kathañhi no siyā, bhante! Idānāhaṃ, bhante, bhagavatā dhammiyā kathāya amatena abhisitto’’ti.
‘‘Yathā kathaṃ pana tvaṃ, gahapati, bhagavatā dhammiyā kathāya amatena abhisitto’’ti? ‘‘Idhāhaṃ,
bhante, yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃ; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃ.
Ekamantaṃ nisinno khvāhaṃ, bhante, bhagavantaṃ etadavocaṃ – ‘ahamasmi, bhante, jiṇṇo vuḍḍho
mahallako addhagato vayoanuppatto āturakāyo abhikkhaṇātaṅko. Aniccadassāvī kho panāhaṃ, bhante,
bhagavato manobhāvanīyānañca bhikkhūnaṃ. Ovadatu maṃ, bhante, bhagavā; anusāsatu maṃ, bhante,
bhagavā; yaṃ mamassa dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāyā’’’ti.
‘‘Evaṃ vutte, maṃ, bhante, bhagavā etadavoca – ‘evametaṃ, gahapati, evametaṃ, gahapati! Āturo
hāyaṃ, gahapati, kāyo aṇḍabhūto pariyonaddho. Yo hi, gahapati, imaṃ kāyaṃ pariharanto muhuttampi
ārogyaṃ paṭijāneyya, kimaññatra bālyā? Tasmātiha te gahapati, evaṃ sikkhitabbaṃ – āturakāyassa me
sato cittaṃ anāturaṃ bhavissatīti. Evañhi te, gahapati, sikkhitabba’nti. Evaṃ khvāhaṃ, bhante,
bhagavatā dhammiyā kathāya amatena abhisitto’’ti.
‘‘Na hi pana taṃ, gahapati, paṭibhāsi bhagavantaṃ
[taṃ bhagavantaṃ (sī.)] uttariṃ paṭipucchituṃ
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– ‘kittāvatā nu kho, bhante, āturakāyo ceva hoti āturacitto ca, kittāvatā ca pana āturakāyo hi kho
hoti no ca āturacitto’’’ti? ‘‘Dūratopi kho mayaṃ, bhante, āgaccheyyāma āyasmato sāriputtassa santike
etassa bhāsitassa atthamaññātuṃ. Sādhu vatāyasmantaṃyeva sāriputtaṃ paṭibhātu etassa bhāsitassa
attho’’ti.
‘‘Tena hi, gahapati, suṇāhi, sādhukaṃ manasi karohi; bhāsissāmī’’ti. ‘‘Evaṃ, bhante’’ti kho
nakulapitā gahapati āyasmato sāriputtassa paccassosi. Āyasmā sāriputto etadavoca –
‘‘Kathañca, gahapati, āturakāyo ceva hoti, āturacitto ca? Idha, gahapati, assutavā puthujjano
ariyānaṃ adassāvī ariyadhammassa akovido ariyadhamme avinīto sappurisānaṃ adassāvī
sappurisadhammassa akovido sappurisadhamme avinīto rūpaṃ attato samanupassati, rūpavantaṃ vā
attānaṃ; attani vā rūpaṃ, rūpasmiṃ vā attānaṃ. ‘Ahaṃ rūpaṃ, mama rūpa’nti pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti.
Tassa ‘ahaṃ rūpaṃ, mama rūpa’nti pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino taṃ rūpaṃ vipariṇamati aññathā hoti. Tassa
rūpavipariṇāmaññathābhāvā uppajjanti sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā.
‘‘Vedanaṃ attato samanupassati, vedanāvantaṃ vā attānaṃ; attani vā vedanaṃ, vedanāya vā
attānaṃ. ‘Ahaṃ vedanā, mama vedanā’ti pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti. Tassa ‘ahaṃ vedanā, mama vedanā’ti
pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino, sā vedanā vipariṇamati aññathā hoti. Tassa vedanāvipariṇāmaññathābhāvā uppajjanti
sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā.
‘‘Saññaṃ attato samanupassati, saññāvantaṃ vā attānaṃ; attani vā saññaṃ, saññāya vā attānaṃ.
‘Ahaṃ saññā, mama saññā’ti pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti. Tassa ‘ahaṃ saññā, mama saññā’ti
pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino, sā saññā vipariṇamati aññathā hoti. Tassa saññāvipariṇāmaññathābhāvā uppajjanti
sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā.
‘‘Saṅkhāre attato samanupassati, saṅkhāravantaṃ vā attānaṃ; attani vā saṅkhāre, saṅkhāresu vā
attānaṃ. ‘Ahaṃ saṅkhārā, mama saṅkhārā’ti pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti. Tassa ‘ahaṃ saṅkhārā, mama
saṅkhārā’ti pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino, te saṅkhārā vipariṇamanti aññathā honti. Tassa
saṅkhāravipariṇāmaññathābhāvā uppajjanti sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā.
‘‘Viññāṇaṃ attato samanupassati, viññāṇavantaṃ vā attānaṃ; attani vā viññāṇaṃ, viññāṇasmiṃ vā
attānaṃ. ‘Ahaṃ viññāṇaṃ, mama viññāṇa’nti pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti. Tassa ‘ahaṃ viññāṇaṃ, mama
viññāṇa’nti pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino, taṃ viññāṇaṃ vipariṇamati aññathā hoti. Tassa
viññāṇavipariṇāmaññathābhāvā uppajjanti sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā. Evaṃ kho, gahapati,
āturakāyo ceva hoti āturacitto ca.
‘‘Kathañca, gahapati, āturakāyo hi kho hoti no ca āturacitto? Idha, gahapati, sutavā ariyasāvako
ariyānaṃ dassāvī ariyadhammassa kovido ariyadhamme suvinīto sappurisānaṃ dassāvī
sappurisadhammassa kovido sappurisadhamme suvinīto na rūpaṃ attato samanupassati, na rūpavantaṃ
vā attānaṃ; na attani vā rūpaṃ, na rūpasmiṃ vā attānaṃ. ‘Ahaṃ rūpaṃ, mama rūpa’nti na
pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti. Tassa ‘ahaṃ rūpaṃ, mama rūpa’nti apariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino, taṃ rūpaṃ vipariṇamati
aññathā hoti. Tassa rūpavipariṇāmaññathābhāvā nuppajjanti sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā.
‘‘Na vedanaṃ attato samanupassati, na vedanāvantaṃ vā attānaṃ; na attani vā vedanaṃ, na
vedanāya vā attānaṃ. ‘Ahaṃ vedanā, mama vedanā’ti na pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti. Tassa ‘ahaṃ vedanā,
mama vedanā’ti apariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino, sā vedanā vipariṇamati aññathā hoti. Tassa
vedanāvipariṇāmaññathābhāvā nuppajjanti sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā.
‘‘Na saññaṃ attato samanupassati, na saññāvantaṃ vā attānaṃ; na attani vā saññaṃ, na saññāya vā
attānaṃ. ‘Ahaṃ saññā, mama saññā’ti na pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti. Tassa ‘ahaṃ saññā, mama saññā’ti
apariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino, sā saññā vipariṇamati aññathā hoti. Tassa saññāvipariṇāmaññathābhāvā nuppajjanti
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sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā.
“Na saṅkhāre attato samanupassati, na saṅkhāravantaṃ vā attānaṃ; na attani vā saṅkhāre, na
saṅkhāresu vā attānaṃ. ‘Ahaṃ saṅkhārā, mama saṅkhārā’ti na pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti. Tassa ‘ahaṃ
saṅkhārā, mama saṅkhārā’ti apariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino, te saṅkhārā vipariṇamanti aññathā honti. Tassa
saṅkhāravipariṇāmaññathābhāvā nuppajjanti sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā.
‘‘Na viññāṇaṃ attato samanupassati, na viññāṇavantaṃ vā attānaṃ; na attani vā viññāṇaṃ, na
viññāṇasmiṃ vā attānaṃ. ‘Ahaṃ viññāṇaṃ, mama viññāṇa’nti na pariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyī hoti. Tassa ‘ahaṃ
viññāṇaṃ, mama viññāṇa’nti apariyuṭṭhaṭṭhāyino, taṃ viññāṇaṃ vipariṇamati aññathā hoti. Tassa
viññāṇavipariṇāmaññathābhāvā nuppajjanti sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsā. Evaṃ kho, gahapati,
āturakāyo hoti no ca āturacitto’’ti.
Idamavoca āyasmā sāriputto. Attamano nakulapitā gahapati āyasmato sāriputtassa bhāsitaṃ
abhinandīti. Paṭhamaṃ.

Samyuttanikayo Khandhavaggo

 

 

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