Khuddakanikaye Vimanavatthu-atthakatha

Mahākāruṇikaṃ nāthaṃ, ñeyyasāgarapāraguṃ;
Vande nipuṇagambhīra-vicitranayadesanaṃ.
Vijjācaraṇasampannā, yena niyyanti lokato;
Vande tamuttamaṃ
dhammaṃ, sammāsambuddhapūjitaṃ.
Sīlādiguṇasampanno, ṭhito maggaphalesu yo;
Vande
ariyasaṅghaṃ taṃ, puññakkhettaṃ anuttaraṃ.
Vandanājanitaṃ puññaṃ, iti yaṃ ratanattaye;
Hatantarāyo sabbattha, hutvāhaṃ tassa tejasā.
Devatāhi kataṃ puññaṃ, yaṃ yaṃ purimajātisu;
Tassa tassa vimānādi-phalasampattibhedato.
Pucchāvasena yā tāsaṃ, vissajjanavasena ca;
Pavattā desanā kamma-phalapaccakkhakārinī.
Vimānavatthu icceva, nāmena vasino pure;
Yaṃ khuddakanikāyasmiṃ, saṅgāyiṃsu mahesayo.
Tassāhamavalambitvā, porāṇaṭṭhakathānayaṃ;
Tattha tattha nidānāni, vibhāvento visesato.
Suvisuddhaṃ asaṃkiṇṇaṃ, nipuṇatthavinicchayaṃ;
Mahāvihāravāsīnaṃ, samayaṃ avilomayaṃ.
Yathābalaṃ karissāmi, atthasaṃvaṇṇanaṃ subhaṃ;
Sakkaccaṃ bhāsato taṃ me, nisāmayatha sādhavoti.
Tattha
vimānānīti visiṭṭhamānāni devatānaṃ kīḷānivāsaṭṭhānāni. Tāni hi tāsaṃ
sucaritakammānubhāvanibbattāni yojanikadviyojanikādipamāṇavisesayuttatāya, nānāratanasamujjalāni
vicittavaṇṇasaṇṭhānāni sobhātisayayogena visesato mānanīyatāya ca ‘‘vimānānī’’ti vuccanti.
Vimānānaṃ vatthu kāraṇaṃ etissāti
vimānavatthu, ‘‘pīṭhaṃ te sovaṇṇamaya’’ntiādinayappavattā
desanā. Nidassanamattañcetaṃ tāsaṃ devatānaṃ rūpabhogaparivārādisampattiyo
taṃnibbattakakammañca nissāya imissā desanāya pavattattā. Vipākamukhena vā kammantaramānassa
kāraṇabhāvato
vimānavatthūti veditabbaṃ.
Tayidaṃ kena bhāsitaṃ, kattha bhāsitaṃ, kadā bhāsitaṃ, kasmā ca bhāsitanti? Vuccate – idañhi
vimānavatthu duvidhena pavattaṃ – pucchāvasena vissajjanavasena ca. Tattha vissajjanagāthā tāhi tāhi
devatāhi bhāsitā, pucchāgāthā pana kāci bhagavatā bhāsitā, kāci sakkādīhi, kāci sāvakehi therehi.
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Tatthāpi yebhuyyena yo so kappānaṃ satasahassādhikaṃ ekaṃ asaṅkhyeyyaṃ buddhassa
bhagavato aggasāvakabhāvāya puññañāṇasambhāre sambharanto anukkamena sāvakapāramiyo pūretvā,
chaḷabhiññācatupaṭisambhidādiguṇavisesaparivārassa, sakalassa sāvakapāramiñāṇassa matthakaṃ patto
dutiye aggasāvakaṭṭhāne ṭhito iddhimantesu ca bhagavatā etadagge ṭhapito āyasmā mahāmoggallāno,
tena bhāsitā.
Bhāsantena ca paṭhamaṃ tāva lokahitāya devacārikaṃ carantena devaloke devatānaṃ
pucchāvasena puna tato manussalokaṃ āgantvā manussānaṃ puññaphalassa paccakkhakaraṇatthaṃ
pucchaṃ vissajjanañca ekajjhaṃ katvā bhagavato pavedetvā bhikkhūnaṃ bhāsitā, sakkena
pucchāvasena, devatāhi tassa vissajjanavasena bhāsitāpi mahāmoggallānattherassa bhāsitā eva. Evaṃ
bhagavatā therehi ca devatāhi ca pucchāvasena, devatāhi tassā vissajjanavasena ca tattha tattha bhāsitā
pacchā dhammavinayaṃ saṅgāyantehi dhammasaṅgāhakehi ekato katvā ‘‘vimānavatthu’’icceva
saṅgahaṃ āropitā. Ayaṃ tāvettha ‘‘kena bhāsita’’ntiādīnaṃ padānaṃ saṅkhepato sādhāraṇato ca
vissajjanā.
Vitthārato pana ‘‘kena bhāsita’’nti padassa anomadassissa bhagavato pādamūle katapaṇidhānato
paṭṭhāya mahātherassa āgamanīyapaṭipadā kathetabbā, sā pana āgamaṭṭhakathāsu tattha tattha vitthāritāti
tattha āgatanayeneva veditabbā. Asādhāraṇato ‘‘kattha bhāsita’’ntiādīnaṃ padānaṃ vissajjanā tassa
tassa vimānassa atthavaṇṇanānayeneva āgamissati.
Apare pana bhaṇanti – ekadivasaṃ āyasmato mahāmoggallānassa rahogatassa paṭisallīnassa evaṃ
cetaso parivitakko udapādi ‘‘etarahi kho manussā asatipi vatthusampattiyā khettasampattiyā attano ca
cittapasādasampattiyā tāni tāni puññāni katvā devaloke nibbattā uḷārasampattiṃ paccanubhonti,
yaṃnūnāhaṃ devacārikaṃ caranto tā devatā kāyasakkhiṃ katvā tāhi yathūpacitaṃ puññaṃ
yathādhigatañca puññaphalaṃ kathāpetvā tamatthaṃ bhagavato āroceyyaṃ. Evaṃ me satthā gaganatale
puṇṇacandaṃ uṭṭhāpento viya manussānaṃ kammaphalaṃ paccakkhato dassento appakānampi kārānaṃ
āyatanagatāya saddhāya vasena uḷāraphalataṃ vibhāvento taṃ taṃ vimānavatthuṃ aṭṭhuppattiṃ katvā
mahatiṃ dhammadesanaṃ pavattessati, sā hoti bahujanassa atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussāna’’nti.
So āsanā vuṭṭhahitvā rattadupaṭṭaṃ nivāsetvā aparaṃ rattadupaṭṭaṃ ekaṃsaṃ katvā samantato
jātihiṅgulikadhārā vijjulatā viya sañjhāpabhānurañjito viya ca jaṅgamo añjanagirisikharo, bhagavantaṃ
upasaṅkamitvā abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisinno attano adhippāyaṃ ārocetvā bhagavatā anuññāto
uṭṭhāyāsanā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā abhiññāpādakaṃ catutthajjhānaṃ
samāpajjitvā, tato vuṭṭhāya iddhibalena taṅkhaṇaññeva tāvatiṃsabhavanaṃ gantvā tattha tattha tāhi tāhi
devatāhi yathūpacitaṃ puññakammaṃ pucchi, tassa tā kathesuṃ. Tato manussalokaṃ āgantvā taṃ
sabbaṃ tattha pavattitaniyāmeneva bhagavato ārocesi, taṃ samanuñño satthā ahosi. Iccetaṃ
aṭṭhuppattiṃ katvā sampattaparisāya vitthārena dhammaṃ desesīti.
Taṃ panetaṃ vimānavatthu vinayapiṭakaṃ suttantapiṭakaṃ abhidhammapiṭakanti tīsu piṭakesu
suttantapiṭakapariyāpannaṃ, dīghanikāyo majjhimanikāyo saṃyuttanikāyo aṅguttaranikāyo
khuddakanikāyoti pañcasu nikāyesu khuddakanikāyapariyāpannaṃ, suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā
udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallanti navasu sāsanaṅgesu gāthāsaṅgahaṃ.
‘‘Dvāsīti buddhato gaṇhiṃ, dve sahassāni bhikkhuto;
Caturāsīti sahassāni, ye me dhammā pavattino’’ti. (theragā. 1027) –
Evaṃ dhammabhaṇḍāgārikena paṭiññātesu caturāsītiyā dhammakkhandhasahassesu
katipayadhammakkhandhasaṅgahaṃ. Vaggato pīṭhavaggo cittalatāvaggo pāricchattakavaggo
mañjiṭṭhakavaggo mahārathavaggo pāyāsivaggo sunikkhittavaggoti satta vaggā. Vatthuto paṭhame vagge
sattarasa vatthūni, dutiye ekādasa, tatiye dasa, catutthe dvādasa, pañcame catuddasa, chaṭṭhe dasa,
sattame ekādasāti antaravimānānaṃ aggahaṇe pañcāsīti, gahaṇe pana tevīsasataṃ vatthūni, gāthāto pana
diyaḍḍhasahassagāthā. Tassa vaggesu pīṭhavaggo ādi, vatthūsu sovaṇṇapīṭhavatthu ādi, tassāpi
‘‘pīṭhaṃ
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te sovaṇṇamaya’’nti gāthā ādi.

Khuddakanikaye Vimanavatthu-atthakatha

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