Khuddakanikaye Patisambhidamagga-atthakatha

Yo sabbalokātigasabbasobhā-
Yuttehi sabbehi guṇehi yutto;
Dosehi sabbehi savāsanehi,
Mutto vimuttiṃ paramañca dātā.
Niccaṃ dayācandanasītacitto,
Paññāravijjotitasabbaneyyo;
Sabbesu bhūtesu tamaggabhūtaṃ,
Bhūtatthanāthaṃ sirasā namitvā.
Yo sabbabhūtesu munīva aggo, anantasaṅkhesu jinattajesu;
Ahū dayāñāṇaguṇehi satthulīlānukārī janatāhitesu.
Taṃ
sāriputtaṃ munirājaputtaṃ, theraṃ thirānekaguṇābhirāmaṃ;
Paññāpabhāvuggatacārukittiṃ, susantavuttiñca atho namitvā.
Saddhammacakkānupavattakena, saddhammasenāpatisāvakena;
Suttesu vuttesu tathāgatena, bhūtatthavedittamupāgatena.
Yo bhāsito bhāsitakovidena, dhammappadīpujjalanāyakena;
Pāṭho visiṭṭho paṭisambhidānaṃ, maggoti tannāmavisesito ca.
Vicittanānattanayopagūḷho, gambhīrapaññehi sadāvagāḷho;
Attatthalokatthaparāyaṇehi, saṃsevanīyo sujanehi niccaṃ.
Ñāṇappabhedāvahanassa tassa, yogīhinekehi nisevitassa;
Atthaṃ apubbaṃ anuvaṇṇayanto, suttañca yuttiñca anukkamanto.
Avokkamanto samayā sakā ca, anāmasanto samayaṃ parañca;
Pubbopadesaṭṭhakathānayañca, yathānurūpaṃ upasaṃharanto.
Vakkhāmahaṃ aṭṭhakathaṃ janassa, hitāya saddhammaciraṭṭhitatthaṃ;
Sakkacca
saddhammapakāsiniṃ taṃ, suṇātha dhāretha ca sādhu santoti.
Tattha
paṭisambhidānaṃ maggoti tannāmavisesito cāti vuttattā paṭisambhidāmaggassa
paṭisambhidāmaggatā tāva vattabbā. Catasso hi paṭisambhidā – atthapaṭisambhidā, dhammapaṭisambhidā,
niruttipaṭisambhidā, paṭibhānapaṭisambhidāti. Tāsaṃ paṭisambhidānaṃ maggo adhigamūpāyoti
paṭisambhidāmaggo, paṭisambhidāpaṭilābhahetūti vuttaṃ hoti. Kathamayaṃ tāsaṃ maggo hotīti ce?
Pabhedato desitāya desanāya paṭisambhidāñāṇāvahattā. Nānābhedabhinnānañhi dhammānaṃ
nānābhedabhinnā desanā sotūnaṃ ariyapuggalānaṃ paṭisambhidāñāṇappabhedañca sañjaneti,
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puthujjanānaṃ āyatiṃ paṭisambhidāñāṇappabhedāya ca paccayo hoti. Vuttañca – ‘‘pabhedato hi
desanā ghanavinibbhogapaṭisambhidāñāṇāvahā hotī’’ti (dha. sa. aṭṭha. 1.kāmāvacarakusalapadabhājanīya).
Ayañca nānābhedabhinnā desanā, tenassā paṭisambhidānaṃ maggattasiddhi.
Tattha
catassoti gaṇanaparicchedo. Paṭisambhidāti pabhedā. ‘‘Atthe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā,
dhamme ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā, tatra dhammaniruttābhilāpe ñāṇaṃ niruttipaṭisambhidā, ñāṇesu
ñāṇaṃ paṭibhānapaṭisambhidā’’ti (vibha. 718) vuttattā na aññassa kassaci pabhedā, ñāṇasseva pabhedā.
Tasmā ‘‘catasso paṭisambhidā’’ti cattāro ñāṇappabhedāti attho. Atthappabhedassa
sallakkhaṇavibhāvanavavatthānakaraṇasamatthaṃ atthe pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ
atthapaṭisambhidā.
Dhammappabhedassa sallakkhaṇavibhāvanavavatthānakaraṇasamatthaṃ dhamme pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ
dhammapaṭisambhidā. Niruttippabhedassa sallakkhaṇavibhāvanavavatthānakaraṇasamatthaṃ
niruttābhilāpe pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ
niruttipaṭisambhidā. Paṭibhānappabhedassa
sallakkhaṇavibhāvanavavatthānakaraṇasamatthaṃ paṭibhāne pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ
paṭibhānapaṭisambhidā.
Tattha
atthoti saṅkhepato hetuphalaṃ. Tañhi yasmā hetuanusārena arīyati adhigamīyati pāpuṇīyati,
tasmā atthoti vuccati. Pabhedato pana yaṃkiñci paccayasamuppannaṃ, nibbānaṃ, bhāsitattho, vipāko,
kiriyāti ime pañca dhammā atthoti veditabbā. Taṃ atthaṃ paccavekkhantassa tasmiṃ atthe pabhedagataṃ
ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā.
Dhammoti saṅkhepato paccayo. So hi yasmā taṃ taṃ vidahati pavatteti ceva pāpeti ca, tasmā
dhammoti vuccati. Pabhedato pana yo koci phalanibbattako hetu, ariyamaggo, bhāsitaṃ, kusalaṃ,
akusalanti ime pañca dhammā dhammoti veditabbā. Taṃ dhammaṃ paccavekkhantassa tasmiṃ dhamme
pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā. Ayameva hi attho abhidhamme (vibha. 719-725) –
‘‘Dukkhe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, dukkhasamudaye ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā,
dukkhanirodhe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, dukkhanirodhagāminiyā paṭipadāya ñāṇaṃ
dhammapaṭisambhidā. Hetumhi ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā, hetuphale ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā.
‘‘Ye dhammā jātā bhūtā sañjātā nibbattā abhinibbattā pātubhūtā, imesu dhammesu ñāṇaṃ
atthapaṭisambhidā, yamhā dhammā te dhammā jātā bhūtā sañjātā nibbattā abhinibbattā pātubhūtā,
tesu dhammesu ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā.
‘‘Jarāmaraṇe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, jarāmaraṇasamudaye ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā,
jarāmaraṇanirodhe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, jarāmaraṇanirodhagāminiyā paṭipadāya ñāṇaṃ
dhammapaṭisambhidā.
‘‘Jātiyā ñāṇaṃ…pe… bhave ñāṇaṃ…pe… upādāne ñāṇaṃ…pe… taṇhāya ñāṇaṃ…pe…
vedanāya ñāṇaṃ…pe… phasse ñāṇaṃ….pe… saḷāyatane ñāṇaṃ….pe… nāmarūpe ñāṇaṃ…pe…
viññāṇe ñāṇaṃ…pe… saṅkhāresu ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, saṅkhārasamudaye ñāṇaṃ
dhammapaṭisambhidā, saṅkhāranirodhe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, saṅkhāranirodhagāminiyā
paṭipadāya ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā.
‘‘Idha bhikkhu dhammaṃ jānāti – suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthaṃ udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ
jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ. Ayaṃ vuccati dhammapaṭisambhidā. So tassa tasseva
bhāsitassa atthaṃ jānāti ‘ayaṃ imassa bhāsitassa attho, ayaṃ imassa bhāsitassa attho’ti. Ayaṃ
vuccati atthapaṭisambhidā.
‘‘Katame dhammā kusalā? Yasmiṃ samaye kāmāvacaraṃ kusalaṃ cittaṃ uppannaṃ hoti
somanassasahagataṃ ñāṇasampayuttaṃ rūpārammaṇaṃ vā…pe… dhammārammaṇaṃ vā yaṃ
yaṃ vā panārabbha tasmiṃ samaye phasso hoti…pe… avikkhepo hoti. Ime dhammā kusalā. Imesu
dhammesu ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā, tesaṃ vipāke ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā’’tiādinā nayena
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vibhajitvā vibhajitvā dassito.
Tatra dhammaniruttābhilāpe ñāṇanti tasmiṃ atthe ca dhamme ca yā sabhāvanirutti
abyabhicārivohāro, tassa abhilāpe bhāsane udīraṇe taṃ lapitaṃ bhāsitaṃ udīritaṃ sabhāvaniruttisaddaṃ
ārammaṇaṃ katvā paccavekkhantassa tasmiṃ sabhāvaniruttābhilāpe ‘‘ayaṃ sabhāvanirutti, ayaṃ na
sabhāvaniruttī’’ti evaṃ tassā dhammaniruttisaññitāya sabhāvaniruttiyā māgadhikāya sabbasattānaṃ
mūlabhāsāya pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ niruttipaṭisambhidā. Evamayaṃ niruttipaṭisambhidā saddārammaṇā
nāma jātā, na paññattiārammaṇā. Kasmā? Yasmā saddaṃ sutvā ‘‘ayaṃ sabhāvanirutti, ayaṃ na
sabhāvaniruttī’’ti jānāti. Paṭisambhidāppatto hi ‘‘phasso’’ti vutte ‘‘ayaṃ sabhāvaniruttī’’ti jānāti,
‘‘phassā’’ti vā ‘‘phassa’’nti vā vutte pana ‘‘ayaṃ na sabhāvaniruttī’’ti jānāti. Vedanādīsupi eseva nayo.
Aññaṃ panesa nāmākhyātaupasagganipātabyañjanasaddaṃ jānāti na jānātīti? Yadaggena saddaṃ sutvā
‘‘ayaṃ sabhāvanirutti, ayaṃ na sabhāvaniruttī’’ti jānāti, tadaggena tampi jānissati. Taṃ pana nayidaṃ
paṭisambhidākiccanti paṭikkhipitvā ‘‘bhāsaṃ nāma sattā uggaṇhantī’’ti vatvā idaṃ kathitaṃ – mātāpitaro
hi daharakāle kumārake mañce vā pīṭhe vā nipajjāpetvā taṃ taṃ kathayamānā tāni tāni kiccāni karonti,
dārakā tesaṃ taṃ taṃ bhāsaṃ vavatthāpenti ‘‘iminā idaṃ vuttaṃ, iminā idaṃ vutta’’nti. Gacchante
gacchante kāle sabbampi bhāsaṃ jānanti. Mātā damiḷī, pitā andhako. Tesaṃ jātadārako sace mātu kathaṃ
paṭhamaṃ suṇāti, damiḷabhāsaṃ bhāsissati. Sace pitu kathaṃ paṭhamaṃ suṇāti, andhakabhāsaṃ
bhāsissati. Ubhinnampi pana kathaṃ asuṇanto māgadhikabhāsaṃ bhāsissati.
Yopi agāmake mahāaraññe nibbatto, tattha añño kathento nāma natthi, sopi attano dhammatāya
vacanaṃ samuṭṭhāpento māgadhikabhāsameva bhāsissati. Niraye tiracchānayoniyaṃ pettivisaye
manussaloke devaloketi sabbattha māgadhikabhāsāva ussannā. Tattha sesā
oṭṭakirātaandhakayonakadamiḷabhāsādikā bhāsā parivattanti. Ayamevekā
yathābhuccabrahmavohāraariyavohārasaṅkhātā māgadhikabhāsā na parivattati. Sammāsambuddhopi
tepiṭakaṃ buddhavacanaṃ tantiṃ āropento māgadhikabhāsāya eva āropesi. Kasmā? Evañhi atthaṃ
āharituṃ sukhaṃ hoti. Māgadhikabhāsāya hi tantiṃ āruḷhassa buddhavacanassa paṭisambhidāppattānaṃ
sotapathāgamanameva papañco. Sote pana saṅghaṭṭitamatteyeva nayasatena nayasahassena attho upaṭṭhāti.
Aññāya pana bhāsāya tantiṃ āruḷhakaṃ pothetvā pothetvā uggahetabbaṃ hoti. Bahumpi uggahetvā pana
puthujjanassa paṭisambhidāppatti nāma natthi, ariyasāvako no paṭisambhidāppatto nāma natthi.
Ñāṇesu ñāṇanti sabbatthakañāṇamārammaṇaṃ katvā paccavekkhantassa tasmiṃ ñāṇe pabhedagataṃ
ñāṇaṃ, yathāvuttesu vā tesu tīsu ñāṇesu gocarakiccādivasena vitthāragataṃ ñāṇaṃ
paṭibhānapaṭisambhidā.
Imā pana catasso paṭisambhidā dvīsu ṭhānesu pabhedaṃ gacchanti, pañcahi kāraṇehi visadā hontīti
veditabbā. Katamesu dvīsu ṭhānesu pabhedaṃ gacchanti? Sekkhabhūmiyañca asekkhabhūmiyañca. Tattha
sāriputtattherassa mahāmoggallānattherassa mahākassapattherassa mahākaccāyanattherassa
mahākoṭṭhitattherassāti evamādīnaṃ asītiyāpi mahātherānaṃ paṭisambhidā asekkhabhūmiyaṃ pabhedaṃ
gatā, ānandattherassa, cittassa gahapatino, dhammikassa upāsakassa, upālissa gahapatino, khujjuttarāya
upāsikāyātievamādīnaṃ paṭisambhidā sekkhabhūmiyaṃ pabhedaṃ gatāti imāsu dvīsu bhūmīsu pabhedaṃ
gacchanti.
Katamehi pañcahi kāraṇehi visadā honti? Adhigamena, pariyattiyā, savanena, paripucchāya,
pubbayogena. Tattha
adhigamo nāma arahattappatti. Arahattañhi pattassa paṭisambhidā visadā honti.
Pariyatti nāma buddhavacanaṃ. Tañhi uggaṇhantassa paṭisambhidā visadā honti. Savanaṃ nāma
saddhammassavanaṃ. Sakkaccaṃ aṭṭhiṃ katvā dhammaṃ suṇantassa hi paṭisambhidā visadā honti.
Paripucchā nāma pāḷiaṭṭhakathādīsu gaṇṭhipadaatthapadavinicchayakathā. Uggahitapāḷiādīsu hi atthaṃ
paripucchantassa paṭisambhidā visadā honti.
Pubbayogo nāma pubbabuddhānaṃ sāsane yogāvacaratā
gatapaccāgatikabhāvena yāva anulomagotrabhusamīpaṃ pattavipassanānuyogo. Pubbayogāvacarassa hi
paṭisambhidā visadā honti. Imehi pañcahi kāraṇehi visadā hontīti.
Etesu pana kāraṇesu pariyatti savanaṃ paripucchāti imāni tīṇi pabhedasseva balavakāraṇāni.
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Pubbayogo adhigamassa balavapaccayo, pabhedassa hoti na hotīti? Hoti, na pana tathā.
Pariyattisavanaparipucchā hi pubbe hontu vā mā vā, pubbayogena pana pubbe ceva etarahi ca
saṅkhārasammasanaṃ vinā paṭisambhidā nāma natthi. Ime pana dvepi ekato hutvā paṭisambhidā
upatthambhetvā visadā karontīti. Apare āhu –
‘‘Pubbayogo bāhusaccaṃ, desabhāsā ca āgamo;
Paripucchā adhigamo, garusannissayo tathā;
Mittasampatti cevāti, paṭisambhidapaccayā’’ti.
Tattha
pubbayogo vuttanayova. Bāhusaccaṃ nāma tesu tesu satthesu ca sippāyatanesu ca kusalatā.
Desabhāsā nāma ekasatavohārakusalatā, visesena pana māgadhike kosallaṃ. Āgamo nāma antamaso
opammavaggamattassapi buddhavacanassa pariyāpuṇanaṃ.
Paripucchā nāma ekagāthāyapi
atthavinicchayapucchanaṃ.
Adhigamo nāma sotāpannatā vā sakadāgāmitā vā anāgāmitā vā arahattaṃ vā.
Garusannissayo nāma sutapaṭibhānabahulānaṃ garūnaṃ santike vāso. Mittasampatti nāma
tathārūpānaṃyeva mittānaṃ paṭilābhoti.
Tattha buddhā ca paccekabuddhā ca pubbayogañceva adhigamañca nissāya paṭisambhidā pāpuṇanti,
sāvakā sabbānipi etāni kāraṇāni. Paṭisambhidāppattiyā ca pāṭiyekko kammaṭṭhānabhāvanānuyogo nāma
natthi, sekkhānaṃ pana sekkhaphalavimokkhantikā, asekkhānaṃ asekkhaphalavimokkhantikā ca
paṭisambhidāppatti hoti. Tathāgatānañhi dasa balāni viya ariyānaṃ ariyaphaleheva paṭisambhidā ijjhantīti.
Imāsaṃ catassannaṃ paṭisambhidānaṃ maggoti paṭisambhidāmaggo, paṭisambhidāmaggo eva pakaraṇaṃ
paṭisambhidāmaggappakaraṇaṃ, pakārena karīyante vuccante ettha nānābhedabhinnā gambhīrā atthā iti
pakaraṇaṃ.
Tadetaṃ paṭisambhidāmaggappakaraṇaṃ atthasampannaṃ byañjanasampannaṃ gambhīraṃ
gambhīratthaṃ lokuttarappakāsanaṃ suññatāpaṭisaññuttaṃ paṭipattiphalavisesasādhanaṃ
paṭipattipaṭipakkhapaṭisedhanaṃ yogāvacarānaṃ ñāṇavararatanākarabhūtaṃ dhammakathikānaṃ
dhammakathāvilāsavisesahetubhūtaṃ saṃsārabhīrukānaṃ dukkhanissaraṇaṃ tadupāyadassanena
assāsajananatthaṃ tappaṭipakkhanāsanatthañca gambhīratthānañca anekesaṃ suttantapadānaṃ
atthavivaraṇena sujanahadayaparitosajananatthaṃ tathāgatena arahatā sammāsambuddhena sabbattha
appaṭihatasabbaññutaññāṇamahāpadīpāvabhāsena sakalajanavitthatamahākaruṇāsinehasiniddhahadayena
veneyyajanahadayagatakilesandhakāravidhamanatthamujjalitassa saddhammamahāpadīpassa
tadadhippāyavikāsanasinehaparisekena pañcavassasahassamaviratamujjalanamicchatā lokānukampakena
satthukappena dhammarājassa dhammasenāpatinā āyasmatā sāriputtattherena bhāsitaṃ sutvā āyasmatā
ānandena paṭhamamahāsaṅgītikāle yathāsutameva saṅgītiṃ āropitaṃ.
Tadetaṃ vinayapiṭakaṃ suttantapiṭakaṃ abhidhammapiṭakanti tīsu piṭakesu
suttantapiṭakapariyāpannaṃ. Dīghanikāyo majjhimanikāyo saṃyuttanikāyo aṅguttaranikāyo
khuddakanikāyoti pañcasu mahānikāyesu khuddakamahānikāyapariyāpannaṃ. Suttaṃ geyyaṃ
veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallanti navasu satthu sāsanaṅgesu
yathāsambhavaṃ geyyaveyyākaraṇaṅgadvayasaṅgahitaṃ.
‘‘Dvāsīti buddhato gaṇhiṃ, dve sahassāni bhikkhuto;
Caturāsīti sahassāni, ye me dhammā pavattino’’ti. (theragā. 1027) –
Dhammabhaṇḍāgārikattherena pana pañcasu ṭhānesu etadaggaṃ āropitena paṭiññātānaṃ caturāsītiyā
dhammakkhandhasahassānaṃ bhikkhuto gahitesu dvīsu dhammakkhandhasahassesu
anekasatadhammakkhandhasaṅgahitaṃ. Tassa tayo vaggā – mahāvaggo, majjhimavaggo, cūḷavaggoti.
Ekekasmiṃ vaggasmiṃ dasadasakaṃ katvā ñāṇakathādikā mātikākathāpariyosānā samatiṃsa kathā.
Evamanekadhā vavatthāpitassa imassa paṭisambhidāmaggappakaraṇassa anupubbaṃ
apubbapadatthavaṇṇanaṃ karissāma. Imañhi pakaraṇaṃ pāṭhato atthato uddisantena ca niddisantena ca
sakkaccaṃ uddisitabbaṃ niddisitabbañca, uggaṇhantenāpi sakkaccaṃ uggahetabbaṃ dhāretabbañca. Taṃ
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kissahetu? Gambhīrattā imassa pakaraṇassa lokahitāya loke ciraṭṭhitatthaṃ.
Tattha samatiṃsāya kathāsu ñāṇakathā kasmā ādito kathitāti ce? Ñāṇassa
paṭipattimalavisodhakattena paṭipattiyā ādibhūtattā. Vuttañhi bhagavatā –
‘‘Tasmātiha tvaṃ bhikkhu, ādimeva visodhehi kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ. Ko cādi kusalānaṃ
dhammānaṃ, sīlañca suvisuddhaṃ diṭṭhi ca ujukā’’ti (saṃ. ni. 5.369)?
Ujukā diṭṭhīti hi sammādiṭṭhisaṅkhātaṃ ñāṇaṃ vuttaṃ. Tasmāpi ñāṇakathā ādito kathitā.
Aparampi vuttaṃ –
‘‘Tatra, bhikkhave, sammādiṭṭhi pubbaṅgamā hoti. Kathañca, bhikkhave, sammādiṭṭhi
pubbaṅgamā hoti? Sammādiṭṭhiṃ ‘sammādiṭṭhī’ti pajānāti, micchādiṭṭhiṃ ‘micchādiṭṭhī’ti pajānāti.
Sāssa hoti sammādiṭṭhi. Sammāsaṅkappaṃ ‘sammāsaṅkappo’ti pajānāti, micchāsaṅkappaṃ
‘micchāsaṅkappo’ti pajānāti. Sammāvācaṃ ‘sammāvācā’ti pajānāti, micchāvācaṃ ‘micchāvācā’ti
pajānāti. Sammākammantaṃ ‘sammākammanto’ti pajānāti, micchākammantaṃ
‘micchākammanto’ti pajānāti. Sammāājīvaṃ ‘sammāājīvo’ti pajānāti, micchāājīvaṃ
‘micchāājīvo’ti pajānāti. Sammāvāyāmaṃ ‘sammāvāyāmo’ti pajānāti, micchāvāyāmaṃ
‘micchāvāyāmo’ti pajānāti. Sammāsatiṃ ‘sammāsatī’ti pajānāti, micchāsatiṃ ‘micchāsatī’ti
pajānāti. Sammāsamādhiṃ ‘sammāsamādhī’ti pajānāti, micchāsamādhiṃ ‘micchāsamādhī’ti
pajānāti. Sāssa hoti sammādiṭṭhī’’ti (ma. ni. 3.136 ādayo).
Pubbaṅgamabhūtāya hi sammādiṭṭhiyā siddhāya micchādiṭṭhīnampi micchādiṭṭhibhāvaṃ jānissatīti
sammādiṭṭhisaṅkhātaṃ ñāṇaṃ tāva sodhetuṃ ñāṇakathā ādito kathitā.
‘‘Apicudāyi, tiṭṭhatu pubbanto, tiṭṭhatu aparanto, dhammaṃ te desessāmi – imasmiṃ sati idaṃ
hoti, imassuppādā idaṃ uppajjati, imasmiṃ asati idaṃ na hoti, imassa nirodhā idaṃ nirujjhatī’’ti
(ma. ni. 2.271) ca –
Pubbantāparantadiṭṭhiyo ṭhapetvā ñāṇasseva vuttattā ñāṇakathā ādito kathitā.
‘‘Alaṃ, subhadda, tiṭṭhatetaṃ ‘sabbe te sakāya paṭiññāya abbhaññiṃsu, sabbeva na
abbhaññiṃsu, udāhu ekacce abbhaññiṃsu, ekacce na abbhaññiṃsū’ti. Dhammaṃ te, subhadda,
desessāmi, taṃ suṇāhi sādhukaṃ manasikarohi, bhāsissāmī’’ti (dī. ni. 2.213) ca –
Puthusamaṇabrāhmaṇaparappavādānaṃ vāde ṭhapetvā ariyassa aṭṭhaṅgikassa maggassa desitattā,
aṭṭhaṅgike ca magge sammādiṭṭhisaṅkhātassa ñāṇassa padhānattā ñāṇakathā ādito kathitā.
‘‘Cattārimāni, bhikkhave, sotāpattiyaṅgāni sappurisasaṃsevo, saddhammassavanaṃ, yoniso
manasikāro, dhammānudhammapaṭipattī’’ti (saṃ. ni. 5.1046; dī. ni. 3.311) ca –
‘‘Saddhājāto upasaṅkamati, upasaṅkamanto payirupāsati, payirupāsanto sotaṃ odahati,
ohitasoto dhammaṃ suṇāti, sutvā dhammaṃ dhāreti, dhātānaṃ dhammānaṃ paññāya atthaṃ
upaparikkhati, atthaṃ upaparikkhato dhammā nijjhānaṃ khamanti, dhammanijjhānakkhantiyā
chando jāyati, chandajāto ussahati, ussahitvā tuleti, tulayitvā padahati, pahitatto kāyena ceva
paramatthasaccaṃ sacchikaroti, paññāya ca naṃ paṭivijjha passatī’’ti (ma. ni. 2.183, 432) ca –
‘‘Idha tathāgato loke uppajjati…pe… so dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇa’’nti ādīni (dī. ni. 1.190)
ca –
Anekāni suttantapadāni anulomentena sutamaye ñāṇaṃ ādiṃ katvā yathākkamena ñāṇakathā ādito
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kathitā.
Sā panāyaṃ ñāṇakathā uddesaniddesavasena dvidhā ṭhitā. Uddese ‘‘sotāvadhāne paññā sutamaye
ñāṇa’’ntiādinā nayena tesattati ñāṇāni mātikāvasena uddiṭṭhāni. Niddese ‘‘kathaṃ sotāvadhāne paññā
sutamaye ñāṇaṃ. ‘Ime dhammā abhiññeyyā’ti sotāvadhānaṃ, taṃpajānanā paññā sutamaye ñāṇa’’ntiādinā
nayena tāniyeva tesattati ñāṇāni vitthāravasena niddiṭṭhānīti.
Ganthārambhakathā niṭṭhitā.

Khuddakanikaye Patisambhidamagga-atthakatha

 

 

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