Sekhiyakaṇḍo

1. Parimaṇḍalasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Sekhiyesu paṭhame parimaṇḍalanti samantato maṇḍalaṃ. Sikkhā karaṇīyāti ‘‘evaṃ nivāsessāmī’’ti ārāmepi antaragharepi sabbattha sikkhā kātabbā, ettha ca yasmā vattakkhandhake vuttavattānipi sikkhitabbattā sekhiyāneva honti, tasmā pārājikādīsu viya paricchedo na kato. Cārittavinayadassanatthañca ‘‘yo pana bhikkhu olambento nivāseyya, dukkaṭa’’nti evaṃ āpattināmena avatvā ‘‘sikkhā karaṇīyā’’ti evaṃ sabbasikkhāpadesu pāḷi āropitā, padabhājane (pāci. 576) pana ‘‘āpatti dukkaṭassā’’ti vuttattā sabbattha anādariyakaraṇe dukkaṭaṃ veditabbaṃ.

Idāni parimaṇḍalanti ettha nābhimaṇḍalaṃ paṭicchādetvā jāṇumaṇḍalassa heṭṭhā jaṅghaṭṭhikato paṭṭhāya aṭṭhaṅgulamattaṃ nivāsanaṃ otāretvā nivāsentena parimaṇḍalaṃ nivatthaṃ nāma hoti, evaṃ anivāsetvā anādariyena purato vā pacchato vā olambetvā nivāsentassa dukkaṭaṃ. Na kevalañca tasseva, ye caññe ‘‘tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiyā gihinivatthaṃ nivāsenti, hatthisoṇḍakaṃ macchavālakaṃ catukkaṇṇakaṃ tālavaṇṭakaṃ satavalikaṃ nivāsenti, saṃvalliyaṃ nivāsentī’’ti khandhake (cūḷava. 280) nivāsanadosā vuttā, tathā nivāsentassapi dukkaṭameva.

Tattha hatthisoṇḍakaṃ nāma nābhimūlato hatthisoṇḍasaṇṭhānaṃ olambakaṃ katvā nivatthaṃ coḷikaitthīnaṃ nivāsanaṃ viya. Macchavālakaṃ nāma ekatodasantaṃ ekato pāsantaṃ olambetvā nivatthaṃ. Catukkaṇṇakaṃ nāma upari dve, heṭṭhato dveti evaṃ cattāro kaṇṇe dassetvā nivatthaṃ. Tālavaṇṭakaṃ nāma tālavaṇṭākārena sāṭakaṃ olambetvā nivatthaṃ. Satavalikaṃ nāma dīghasāṭakaṃ anekakkhattuṃ obhujitvā ovaṭṭikaṃ karontena nivatthaṃ, vāmadakkhiṇapassesu vā nirantaraṃ valiyo dassetvā nivatthaṃ. Sace pana jāṇuto paṭṭhāya ekā vā dve vā valiyo paññāyanti, vaṭṭati. Saṃvalliyanti mallakammakārādīhi viya kacchaṃ bandhitvā nivatthaṃ. Evaṃ nivāsetuṃ gilānassāpi maggappaṭipannassāpi na vaṭṭati. Yampi maggaṃ gacchantā ekaṃ vā dve vā kaṇṇe ukkhipitvā antaravāsakassa upari lagganti, anto vā ekaṃ kāsāvaṃ tathā nivāsetvā bahi aparaṃ nivāsenti, sabbaṃ na vaṭṭati.

Gilāno pana antokāsāvassa ovaṭṭikaṃ dassetvā aparaṃ upari nivāsetuṃ labhati, agilānena dve nivāsentena saguṇaṃ katvā nivāsetabbāni. Iti imaṃ khandhake paṭikkhittañca olambakañca sabbaṃ vivajjetvā vuttalakkhaṇasampannaṃ nibbikāraṃ parimaṇḍalaṃ nivāsetabbaṃ, tathā anivāsetvā yaṃkiñci vikāraṃ karontassa dukkaṭaṃ.

‘‘Nidānaṃ puggalaṃ vatthu’’ntiādike (kaṅkhā. aṭṭha. paṭhamapārājikavaṇṇanā ) pana vinicchaye surusurukārakaṃ kosambiyaṃ paññattaṃ, sāmisena hatthena pānīyathālakasasitthakapattadhovanapaṭisaṃyuttadvayaṃ bhaggesu sambahule bhikkhū ārabbha, sesāni sabbāneva sāvatthiyaṃ chabbaggiye ārabbha olambetvā nivāsanādivatthusmiṃ paññattāni. Sūpodanaviññattiyaṃ dhammadesanādīsu ca gilānavasena ekā anupaññatti, sabbāni sādhāraṇapaññattiyo, anāṇattikāni, sabbesu dukkaṭameva, añño āpattibhedo natthi, vipattivicāraṇā vuttāyeva, samuṭṭhānādīni sabbesaṃ avasāne dassayissāma. Anāpattimattaṃ pana aṅgañca sabbattha vattabbaṃ, tayidaṃ vuccati. Imasmiṃ tāva sikkhāpade asañcicca, assatiyā, ajānantassa, gilānassa, āpadāsu, ummattakādīnañca anāpatti.

Tattha asañciccāti ‘‘aparimaṇḍalaṃ nivāsessāmī’’ti evaṃ asañcicca, atha kho ‘‘parimaṇḍalaṃyeva nivāsessāmī’’ti virajjhitvā aparimaṇḍalaṃ nivāsentassa anāpatti. Assatiyāti aññāvihitassāpi tathā nivāsentassa anāpatti. Ajānantassāti parimaṇḍalaṃ nivāsetuṃ ajānantassa anāpatti, apica nivāsanavattaṃ uggahetabbaṃ. Yo pana sukkhajaṅgho vā hoti mahāpiṇḍikamaṃso vā, tassa sāruppatthāya aṭṭhaṅgulādhikampi otāretvā nivāsetuṃ vaṭṭati. Gilānassāti yassa jaṅghāya vā pāde vā vaṇo hoti, tassa ukkhipitvā vā otāretvā vā nivāsetuṃ vaṭṭati. Āpadāsūti vāḷā vā corā vā anubandhanti, evarūpāsu āpadāsu anāpatti . Ummattakādayo vuttanayā eva. Anādariyaṃ, anāpattikāraṇābhāvo, aparimaṇḍalanivāsananti imānettha tīṇi aṅgāni. Yathā cettha, evaṃ sabbattha purimāni dve tattha tattha vuttappaṭipakkhakaraṇañcāti tīṇiyeva honti, tasmā ito paraṃ tānipi avatvā anāpattimattameva vakkhāmāti.

2. Dutiyaparimaṇḍalasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Dutiye ‘‘na, bhikkhave, gihipārutaṃ pārupitabba’’nti (cūḷava. 280) evaṃ paṭikkhittaṃ gihipārutaṃ apārupitvā ubho kaṇṇe samaṃ katvā pārupanaṃ parimaṇḍalapārupanaṃ nāma, tattha yaṃkiñci setapaṭapārutaṃ paribbājakapārutaṃ ekasāṭakapārutaṃ surāsoṇḍapārutaṃ antepurikapārutaṃ mahājeṭṭhapārutaṃ kuṭippavesakapārutaṃ brāhmaṇapārutaṃ pāḷikārakapārutanti evamādi parimaṇḍalalakkhaṇato aññathā pārutaṃ, sabbametaṃ gihipārutaṃ nāma. Tasmā yathā setapaṭā aḍḍhapālakanigaṇṭhā pārupanti, yathā ca ekacce paribbājakā uraṃ vivaritvā dvīsu aṃsakūṭesu pāvuraṇaṃ ṭhapenti, yathā ca ekasāṭakā manussā nivatthasāṭakassa ekena antena piṭṭhiṃ pārupitvā ubho kaṇṇe ubhosu aṃsakūṭesu ṭhapenti, yathā ca surāsoṇḍādayo sāṭakena gīvaṃ parikkhipitvā ubho ante ure vā olambenti, piṭṭhiyaṃ vā khipanti, yathā ca antepurikāyo akkhitārakamattaṃ dassetvā oguṇṭhitaṃ pārupanti, yathā ca mahājeṭṭhā dīghasāṭakaṃ nivāsetvā tasseva ekenantena sakalasarīraṃ pārupanti, yathā ca kassakā khettakuṭiṃ pavisantā sāṭakaṃ paliveṭhetvā upakacchake pakkhipitvā tasseva ekenantena sarīraṃ pārupanti, yathā ca brāhmaṇā ubhinnaṃ upakacchakānaṃ antare sāṭakaṃ pavesetvā aṃsakūṭesu pakkhipanti, yathā ca pāḷikārako bhikkhu ekaṃsapārupanena pārutaṃ vāmabāhuṃ vivaritvā cīvaraṃ aṃsakūṭe āropeti, evaṃ apārupitvā sabbepi ete, aññe ca evarūpe pārupanadose vajjetvā nibbikāraṃ parimaṇḍalaṃ pārupitabbaṃ. Tathā apārupitvā ārāme vā antaraghare vā anādarena yaṃkiñci vikāraṃ karontassa dukkaṭaṃ, anāpatti purimasadisāyeva, yathā cettha, evaṃ sabbattha. Yattha pana viseso bhavissati, tattha vakkhāmāti.

3-4. Suppaṭicchannasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Tatiye suppaṭicchannoti suṭṭhu paṭicchanno, gaṇṭhikaṃ paṭimuñcitvā anuvātantena gīvaṃ paṭicchādetvā ubho kaṇṇe samaṃ katvā paṭisaṅgharitvā yāva maṇibandhaṃ paṭicchādetvā antaraghare gamissāmīti attho, tathā akatvā pana jāṇuṃ vā uraṃ vā vivaritvā gacchantassa dukkaṭaṃ.

Catutthe galavāṭakato paṭṭhāya sīsaṃ, maṇibandhato paṭṭhāya hatthe, piṇḍikamaṃsato paṭṭhāya pāde vivaritvā sesaṃ chādetvā nisinno suppaṭicchanno nāma hoti, ettha pana vāsūpagatassa anāpatti.

5-6. Susaṃvutasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Pañcame susaṃvutoti hatthaṃ vā pādaṃ vā akīḷāpento suvinītoti attho. Chaṭṭhepi eseva nayo.

7-8. Okkhittacakkhusikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Sattame okkhittacakkhūti heṭṭhā khittacakkhu hutvā purato yugamattaṃ bhūmibhāgaṃ pekkhamāno, ekasmiṃ pana ṭhāne ṭhatvā hatthiassādiparissayābhāvaṃ oloketuṃ vaṭṭati. Aṭṭhamepi eseva nayo.

9-10. Ukkhittakasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Navame ukkhittakāyāti ukkhepena, itthambhūtalakkhaṇe karaṇavacanaṃ, ekato vā ubhato vā ukkhittacīvaro hutvāti attho, anto indakhīlato paṭṭhāya evaṃ na gantabbaṃ.

Dasame nisinnakāle dhamakaraṇaṃ nīharantenāpi cīvaraṃ anukkhipitvāva nīharitabbaṃ, vāsūpagatassa pana anāpatti.

11-12. Ujjagghikasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Ekādasame ujjagghikāyāti mahāhasitaṃ hasantoti attho. Idhāpi hi itthambhūtalakkhaṇeyeva karaṇavacanaṃ.

Dvādasamepi eseva nayo. Ubhayattha hasanīyasmiṃ vatthusmiṃ mihitamattaṃ karontassa anāpatti.

13-14. Uccasaddasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Terasame appasaddoti na uccāsaddamahāsaddo hutvā. Cuddasamepi eseva nayo. Ayaṃ panettha appasaddatāparicchedo – sace dvādasahatthe gehe ādimhi saṅghatthero, majjhe dutiyatthero , ante tatiyattheroti evaṃ nisinnesu yaṃ saṅghatthero dutiyattherena saddhiṃ manteti, dutiyatthero ca tassa saddaṃ suṇāti, kathañca vavatthapeti. Tatiyatthero pana saddameva suṇāti, kathaṃ na vavatthapeti, ettāvatā appasaddo hoti. Sace pana tatiyatthero kathañca vavatthapeti, mahāsaddo nāma hoti.

15…Pe…20. kāyappacālakādisikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Ito paresu chasu kāyappacālakanti kāyaṃ cāletvā cāletvā, esa nayo sabbattha. Tasmā kāyādīni paggahetvā niccalāni ujukāni ṭhapetvā gantabbañceva nisīditabbañca, nisīdanappaṭisaṃyuttesu tīsu vāsūpagatassa anāpatti.

21-22. Khambhakatasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Ekavīsadvāvīsesu khambhakatoti kaṭiyaṃ hatthaṃ ṭhapetvā katakhambho.

23-24. Oguṇṭhitasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Tevīsacatuvīsesu oguṇṭhitoti sasīsaṃ pāruto.

25. Ukkuṭikasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Pañcavīse ukkuṭikā vuccati paṇhiyo ukkhipitvā aggapādeheva, aggapāde vā ukkhipitvā paṇhīhiyeva bhūmiyaṃ phusantassa gamanaṃ, karaṇavacanaṃ panettha vuttalakkhaṇameva.

26. Pallatthikasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Chabbīse na pallatthikāyāti hatthapallatthikāya vā dussapallatthikāya vā na nisīditabbaṃ. Anādarena nisīdantassa dukkaṭaṃ, vāsūpagatassa pana idhāpi purimesu ca dvāvīsacatuvīsesu anāpatti.

Chabbīsatisāruppasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

27. Sakkaccapaṭiggahaṇasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Bhojanappaṭisaṃyuttesu paṭhame sakkaccanti satiṃ upaṭṭhāpetvā.

28. Pattasaññīpaṭiggahaṇasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Dutiye patte saññā pattasaññā, sā assa atthīti pattasaññī, attano bhājane upanibaddhasaññī hutvāti attho.

29. Samasūpakapaṭiggahaṇasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Tatiye samasūpako nāma yattha muggamāsehi vā kulatthādīhi vā kato hatthahāriyo sūpo bhattassa catutthabhāgappamāṇo hoti, tato hi adhikaṃ gaṇhantassa dukkaṭaṃ. Ṭhapetvā pana sūpaṃ avasesā sabbāpi sūpeyyabyañjanavikati rasaraso nāma hoti, tasmiṃ rasarase, ñātakānaṃ vā pavāritānaṃ vā aññassatthāya vā attano dhanena vā idha anāpatti.

30…Pe…32. samatittikasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Catutthe samatittikanti samapuṇṇaṃ samabharitaṃ adhiṭṭhānupagapattassa antomukhavaṭṭilekhaṃ anatikkamitvā racitaṃ. Piṇḍapātanti yaṃkiñci yāvakālikaṃ. Anadhiṭṭhānupage pana yāvakālikaṃ yāmakālikādīni ca yatthakatthaci thūpīkatānipi vaṭṭanti, yaṃ pana dvīsu pattesu gahetvā ekaṃ pūretvā vihāraṃ harati, yaṃ vā pakkhipiyamānaṃ pūvaucchukkhaṇḍaphalāphalādi heṭṭhā orohati , takkolavaṭaṃsakādayo vā upari ṭhapetvā diyyanti, yañca paṇṇe vā thālake vā pakkhipitvā pattamatthake ṭhapitaṃ hoti, na taṃ thūpīkataṃ nāma, tasmā taṃ sabbaṃ vaṭṭati. Idha pana gilānassāpi anāpatti natthi, tasmā tenapi samatittikoyeva gahetabbo. Sabbattha pana paṭiggahetumeva na vaṭṭati, paṭiggahitaṃ pana suppaṭiggahitaṃ paribhuñjituṃ vaṭṭati. Pañcamachaṭṭhāni vuttanayāneva.

33-34. Sapadānasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Sattame sapadānanti tattha tattha odhiṃ akatvā anupaṭipāṭiyā. Yo pana aññesaṃ vā dento, aññabhājane vā ākiranto tato tato omasati, tassa, uttaribhaṅgañca uppaṭipāṭiyā gaṇhantassāpi idha anāpatti. Aṭṭhamaṃ vuttanayameva.

35. Thūpakatasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Navame thūpakatoti matthakato vemajjhatoti attho. Yo pana parittake sese ekato saṅkaḍḍhitvā omadditvā bhuñjati, tassāpi anāpatti.

36. Odanappaṭicchādanasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Dasame yassa bhattasāmikā māghātasamayādīsu byañjanaṃ paṭicchādetvā denti, yo ca na bhiyyokamyatāya paṭicchādeti, tesaṃ anāpatti, gilānassa pana anāgatattā āpattiyeva.

37. Sūpodanaviññattisikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Ekādasame ñātakānaṃ vā pavāritānaṃ vā aññassatthāya attano dhanenāti idaṃ anāpattiyaṃ adhikaṃ.

38. Ujjhānasaññīsikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Dvādasame ujjhāne saññā ujjhānasaññā, sā assa atthīti ujjhānasaññī. Idhāpi gilāno na muccati, ‘‘dassāmī’’ti vā, ‘‘dāpessāmī’’ti vā olokentassa pana, na ujjhānasaññissa ca anāpatti.

39. Kabaḷasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Terasame nātimahantanti mayūraṇḍaṃ atimahantaṃ, kukkuṭaṇḍaṃ atikhuddakaṃ, tesaṃ vemajjhappamāṇaṃ. Mūlakhādanīyādibhede pana sabbakhajjake phalāphale ca anāpatti.

40. Ālopasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Cuddasame parimaṇḍalanti adīghaṃ. Idha pana khajjakaphalāphalehi saddhiṃ uttaribhaṅgepi anāpatti.

41-42. Anāhaṭasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Pannarasame anāhaṭeti anāharite, mukhadvāraṃ asampatteti attho. Soḷasame sabbahatthanti sakalaṃ hatthaṃ.

43. Sakabaḷasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Sattarasame sakabaḷenāti ettha yattakena vacanaṃ aparipuṇṇaṃ hoti, tattake sati kathentassa āpatti. Yo pana dhammaṃ kathento hariṭakādīni mukhe pakkhipitvā katheti, yattakena vacanaṃ aparipuṇṇaṃ na hoti, tattake mukhamhi sati vaṭṭati.

44. Piṇḍukkhepakasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Aṭṭhārasame piṇḍukkhepakanti piṇḍaṃ ukkhipitvā ukkhipitvā, idhāpi khajjakaphalāphalesu anāpatti.

45. Kabaḷāvacchedakasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Ekūnavīsatime kabaḷāvacchedakanti kabaḷaṃ avacchinditvā avacchinditvā, idha khajjakaphalāphalehi saddhiṃ uttaribhaṅgepi anāpatti.

46. Avagaṇḍakārakasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Vīsatime avagaṇḍakārakanti makkaṭo viya gaṇḍe katvā katvā, idha phalāphalamattake anāpatti.

47. Hatthaniddhunakasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Ekavīsatime hatthaniddhunakanti hatthaṃ niddhunitvā niddhunitvā, anāpattiyaṃ panettha ‘‘kacavaraṃ chaḍḍento hatthaṃ niddhunātī’’ti (pāci. 623) idaṃ adhikaṃ.

48. Sitthāvakārakasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Dvāvīsatime sitthāvakārakanti sitthāni avakiritvā avakiritvā, idhāpi ‘‘kacavaraṃ chaḍḍento sitthaṃ chaḍḍayatī’’ti (pāci. 623) idaṃ anāpattiyaṃ adhikaṃ.

49. Jivhānicchārakasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Tevīsatime jivhānicchārakanti jivhaṃ nicchāretvā nicchāretvā.

50-51. Capucapukārakasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Catuvīsatime capucapukārakanti capu capūti evaṃ saddaṃ katvā katvā. Pañcavīsatimepi eseva nayo.

52…Pe…54. hatthanillehakādisikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Chabbīsatime hatthanillehakanti hatthaṃ nillehitvā nillehitvā. Bhuñjantena hi aṅgulimattampi nillehituṃ na vaṭṭati. Ghanayāguphāṇitapāyāsādike pana aṅgulīhi gahetvā aṅguliyo mukhe pavesetvā bhuñjituṃ vaṭṭati, sattavīsatimaaṭṭhavīsatimesupi eseva nayo. Tasmā ekaṅguliyāpi patto na nillehitabbo, ekaoṭṭhopi ca jivhāya na nillehitabbo, oṭṭhamaṃsehi eva pana gahetvā anto pavesetuṃ vaṭṭati.

55. Sāmisasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Ekūnatiṃsatime na sāmisenāti etaṃ paṭikūlavasena paṭikkhittaṃ, tasmā saṅghikampi puggalikampi gihisantakampi attano santakampi saṅkhopi sarāvakampi thālakampi na gahetabbameva, gaṇhantassa dukkaṭaṃ. Sace pana hatthassa ekadeso āmisamakkhito na hoti, tena padesena gahetuṃ vaṭṭati, idha ‘‘dhovissāmīti vā, dhovāpessāmīti vā paṭiggaṇhātī’’ti (pāci. 631) idaṃ anāpattiyaṃ adhikaṃ.

56. Sasitthakasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Tiṃsatime ‘‘uddharitvā vā bhinditvā vā paṭiggahe vā nīharitvā vā chaḍḍetī’’ti idaṃ anāpattiyaṃ adhikaṃ. Tattha uddharitvā vāti sitthāni udakato uddharitvā, ekasmiṃ ṭhāne rāsiṃ katvā udakaṃ chaḍḍeti. Bhinditvā vāti sitthāni bhinditvā udakagatikāni katvā chaḍḍeti. Paṭiggahe vāti paṭiggahena paṭicchantānaṃ paṭiggahe chaḍḍeti. Nīharitvāti bahi nīharitvā chaḍḍeti, evaṃ chaḍḍentassa anāpatti.

Tiṃsabhojanappaṭisaṃyuttasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

57. Chattapāṇisikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Dhammadesanāpaṭisaṃyuttesu paṭhame yaṃkiñci chattaṃ pāṇimhi assāti chattapāṇi. So taṃ chattaṃ yatthakatthaci sarīrāvayave ṭhapetvāpi yāva hatthena na muñcati, tāvassa dhammaṃ desetuṃ na vaṭṭati. Sace panassa añño chattaṃ dhāreti, passe vā ṭhitaṃ hoti, hatthato apagatamatte chattapāṇi nāma na hoti, tassa desetuṃ vaṭṭati. Dhammaparicchedo cettha padasodhamme vuttanayeneva veditabbo.

58-59. Daṇḍapāṇisikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Dutiye daṇḍo nāma majjhimassa purisassa catuhatthappamāṇo, daṇḍapāṇibhāvo panassa chattapāṇimhi vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Tatiyepi eseva nayo. Asiṃ sannahitvā ṭhitopi hi satthapāṇisaṅkhyaṃ na gacchati.

60. Āvudhapāṇisikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Catutthe sabbāpi dhanuvikati saddhiṃ saravikatiyā āvudhanti veditabbā, tasmā saddhiṃ vā sarena dhanuṃ gahetvā, suddhadhanuṃ vā suddhasaraṃ vā sajiyadhanuṃ vā nijjiyadhanuṃ vā gahetvā ṭhitassa vā nisinnassa vā dhammaṃ desetuṃ na vaṭṭati. Sace panassa dhanu khandhepi paṭimukkaṃ hoti, yāva na gaṇhāti, tāva vaṭṭati.

61-62. Pādukasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Pañcame pādukāruḷhassāti chattadaṇḍake aṅgulantarikaṃ appavesetvā kevalaṃ akkantassa vā, pavesetvā ṭhānavasena paṭimukkassa vā. Chaṭṭhepi eseva nayo. Idha pana yvāyaṃ paṇhikabandhaṃ omuñcitvā ṭhānavasena ‘‘omukko’’ti vuccati, tassāpi na vaṭṭati.

63. Yānasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Sattame sacepi dvīhi janehi hatthasaṅghāṭena gahito, sāṭake vā ṭhapetvā vaṃsena vayhati, ayutte vā vayhādike yāne visaṅkharitvā vā ṭhapite cakkamattepi nisinno hoti, yānagatotveva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. Sace pana dvepi ekayāne nisinnā honti, vaṭṭati. Visuṃ nisinnesupi ucce yāne nisinnena nīce nisinnassa desetuṃ vaṭṭati, samappamāṇepi vaṭṭati, tathā purime nisinnena pacchime nisinnassa. Pacchime pana uccatarepi nisinnena desetuṃ na vaṭṭati.

64. Sayanasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Aṭṭhame sayanagatassāti antamaso kaṭasārakepi pakatibhūmiyampi nipannassa uccepi mañce vā pīṭhe vā bhūmippadese vā ṭhitena nisinnena vā desetuṃ na vaṭṭati. Sayanagatena pana sayanagatassa uccatare vā samappamāṇe vā nipannena desetuṃ vaṭṭati. Nipannena pana ṭhitassa vā nisinnassa vā nipannassa vā, nisinnena ca ṭhitassa vā nisinnassa vā, ṭhitena ṭhitasseva vaṭṭati.

65. Pallatthikasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Navame hatthapallatthikādīsu yāya kāyaci nisinnassa desetuṃ na vaṭṭati.

66. Veṭhitasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Dasame veṭhitasīsassāti dussaveṭhena vā moḷiādīhi vā yathā kesanto na dissati, evaṃ veṭhitasīsassa, tenevassa anāpattiyaṃ ‘‘kesantaṃ vivarāpetvā desetī’’ti (pāci. 643) vuttaṃ.

67. Oguṇṭhitasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Ekādasame oguṇṭhitasīsassāti sasīsaṃ pārutassa, anāpattiyaṃ panettha ‘‘sīsaṃ vivarāpetvā desetī’’ti (pāci. 644) adhikaṃ.

68. Chamāsikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Dvādasame chamāyaṃ nisīditvāti bhūmiyaṃ nisīditvā. Āsaneti antamaso vatthampi tiṇānipi santharitvā nisinnassa.

69. Nīcāsanasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Terasame ucce āsaneti antamaso bhūmippadesepi unnatappadese nisinnassa.

70. Ṭhitasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Cuddasame na ṭhito nisinnassāti sace therassa upaṭṭhānaṃ gantvā ṭhitaṃ daharaṃ āsane nisinno mahāthero pañhaṃ pucchati, na kathetabbaṃ. Gāravena pana theraṃ ‘‘uṭṭhahitvā pucchā’’ti vattuṃ na sakkā, tasmā ‘‘passe ṭhitassa bhikkhuno kathessāmī’’ti kathetuṃ vaṭṭati.

71. Pacchatogamanasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Pannarasame sace purato gacchanto pañhaṃ pucchati, tassa taṃ akathetvā ‘‘pacchimassa bhikkhuno kathessāmī’’ti kathetabbaṃ. Saddhiṃ uggahitadhammaṃ pana sajjhāyituṃ, samadhurena vā gacchantassa kathetuṃ vaṭṭati.

72. Uppathenagamanasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Soḷasame na uppathenāti ettha sace dvepi sakaṭamaggasmiṃ ekekacakkapathena vā uppathena vā samadhuraṃ gacchanti, vaṭṭati.

73. Ṭhitouccārasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Sattarasame ‘‘asañciccā’’ti anāpattiyaṃ sace paṭicchannaṭṭhānaṃ gacchantassa sahasā uccāro vā passāvo vā nikkhamati, asañcicca kato nāma hoti.

74. Hariteuccārasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Aṭṭhārasame yampi jīvamānarukkhassa mūlaṃ pathaviyaṃ dissamānaṃ gacchati, sākhā vā bhūmilaggā gacchati, sabbaṃ haritasaṅkhātameva. Khandhe nisīditvā pana appaharitaṭṭhāne pātetuṃ vaṭṭati. Sace appaharitaṭṭhānaṃ olokentasseva sahasā nikkhamati, gilānaṭṭhāne ṭhito hoti, ‘‘appaharite kato haritaṃ ottharatī’’ti (pāci. 652) idamettha anāpattiyaṃ adhikaṃ. Tattha sacepi appaharitaṃ alabhantena tiṇaṇḍupakaṃ vā palalaṇḍupakaṃ vā ṭhapetvā kato pacchā haritaṃ ottharati, vaṭṭatiyeva. Kheḷena cettha siṅghāṇikāpi saṅgahitā.

75. Udakeuccārasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā

Ekūnavīsatime na udaketi etaṃ paribhogaudakameva sandhāya vuttaṃ, vaccakuṭisamuddādiudakesu pana aparibhogesu anāpatti. Deve vassante samantato udakoghe jāte anudakaṭṭhānaṃ alabhantena udake kātuṃ vaṭṭati, idhāpi ‘‘thale kato udakaṃ ottharatī’’ti (pāci. 654) idaṃ anāpattiyaṃ adhikaṃ, sesaṃ sabbasikkhāpadesu uttānameva.

Samuṭṭhānādidīpanatthāya panettha idaṃ pakiṇṇakaṃ – ujjagghikauccāsaddappaṭisaṃyuttāni cattāri, sakabaḷena mukhena byāharaṇaṃ ekaṃ, chamānīcāsananisinnaṭhitapacchatogamanauppathagamanappaṭisaṃyuttāni pañcāti imāni dasa sikkhāpadāni samanubhāsanasamuṭṭhānāni, ekekamettha kiriyaṃ, saññāvimokkhaṃ, sacittakaṃ, lokavajjaṃ, kāyakammaṃ, vacīkammaṃ, akusalacittaṃ, dukkhavedanaṃ. Sūpodanaviññattisikkhāpadaṃ theyyasatthasamuṭṭhānaṃ, kiriyaṃ, saññāvimokkhaṃ, sacittakaṃ, lokavajjaṃ, kāyakammaṃ, vacīkammaṃ, akusalacittaṃ, dukkhavedanaṃ. Chattapāṇidaṇḍapāṇisatthapāṇiāvudhapāṇipādukāupāhanayānasayanapallatthikaveṭhitaoguṇṭhitanāmakāni ekādasa dhammadesanāsamuṭṭhānāni, kiriyākiriyāni, saññāvimokkhāni, sacittakāni, lokavajjāni, vacīkammāni, akusalacittāni, dukkhavedanāni. Sesāni tepaṇṇāsa paṭhamapārājikasamauṭṭhānādibhedānīti.

Ekūnavīsatidhammadesanāpaṭisaṃyuttasikkhāpadavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Kaṅkhāvitaraṇiyā pātimokkhavaṇṇanāya

Sekhiyavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Adhikaraṇasamathavaṇṇanā

Adhikaraṇasamathesu sattāti tesaṃ gaṇanaparicchedo. Adhikaraṇāni samenti vūpasamentīti adhikaraṇasamathā. Uddesaṃ āgacchantīti āpattādhikaraṇasaṅkhātāsu ca avasesādhikaraṇattayapaccayāsu ca āpattīsu parisuddhabhāvaṃ pucchanatthaṃ uddisitabbataṃ āgacchanti. Uppannuppannānanti uppannānaṃ uppannānaṃ. Adhikaraṇānanti vivādādhikaraṇaṃ anuvādādhikaraṇaṃ āpattādhikaraṇaṃ kiccādhikaraṇanti imesaṃ catunnaṃ. Samathāya vūpasamāyāti samanatthañceva vūpasamanatthañca sammukhāvinayo dātabbo…pe… tiṇavatthārakoti ime satta samathā dātabbā. Tatrāyaṃ vinicchayo – adhikaraṇesu tāva ‘‘dhammo’’ti vā, ‘‘adhammo’’ti vā aṭṭhārasahi vatthūhi vivadantānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ yo vivādo, idaṃ vivādādhikaraṇaṃ nāma. Sīlavipattiyā vā ācāradiṭṭhiājīvavipattiyā vā anuvadantānaṃ yo anuvādo upavadanā ceva codanā ca, idaṃ anuvādādhikaraṇaṃ nāma. Mātikāya āgatā pañca, vibhaṅge dveti sattapi āpattikkhandhā āpattādhikaraṇaṃ, nāma. Yaṃ saṅghassa apalokanādīnaṃ catunnaṃ kammānaṃ karaṇaṃ, idaṃ kiccādhikaraṇaṃ nāma.

Tattha vivādādhikaraṇaṃ (cūḷava. 228) dvīhi samathehi sammati sammukhāvinayena ca yebhuyyasikāya ca, sammukhāvinayeneva sammamānaṃ yasmiṃ vihāre uppannaṃ, tasmiṃyeva vā, aññattha vūpasametuṃ gacchantānaṃ antarāmagge vā, yattha gantvā saṅghassa niyyātitaṃ, tattha saṅghena vā vūpasametuṃ asakkonte tattheva ubbāhikāya sammatapuggalehi vā vinicchitaṃ sammati, evaṃ sammamāne ca pana tasmiṃ yā saṅghasammukhatā dhammasammukhatā vinayasammukhatā puggalasammukhatā ayaṃ sammukhāvinayo nāma. Tattha ca kārakasaṅghassa saṅghasāmaggivasena sammukhībhāvo saṅghasammukhatā, sametabbassa vatthuno bhūtatā dhammasammukhatā, yathā taṃ sametabbaṃ, tathevassa samanaṃ vinayasammukhatā, yo ca vivadati, yena ca vivadati, tesaṃ ubhinnaṃ atthapaccatthikānaṃ sammukhībhāvo puggalasammukhatā. Ubbāhikāya vūpasamane panettha saṅghasammukhatā parihāyati, evaṃ tāva sammukhāvinayeneva sammati.

Sace panevampi na sammati, atha naṃ ubbāhikāya sammatā bhikkhū ‘‘na mayaṃ sakkoma vūpasametu’’nti saṅghasseva niyyātenti, tato saṅgho pañcaṅgasamannāgataṃ bhikkhuṃ salākaggāhāpakaṃ sammannitvā tena guḷhakavivaṭṭakasakaṇṇajappakesu tīsu salākaggāhesu aññataravasena salākaṃ gāhetvā sannipatitaparisāya dhammavādīnaṃ yebhuyyatāya yathā te dhammavādino vadanti, evaṃ vūpasantaṃ adhikaraṇaṃ sammukhāvinayena ca yebhuyyasikāya ca vūpasantaṃ hoti. Tattha sammukhāvinayo vuttanayo eva, yaṃ pana yebhuyyasikakammassa karaṇaṃ. Ayaṃ yebhuyyasikā nāma, evaṃ vivādādhikaraṇaṃ dvīhi samathehi sammati.

Anuvādādhikaraṇaṃ (cūḷava. 236) catūhi samathehi sammati sammukhāvinayena ca sativinayena ca amūḷhavinayena ca tassapāpiyasikāya ca. Sammukhāvinayeneva sammamānaṃ yo ca anuvadati, yañca anuvadati, tesaṃ vacanaṃ sutvā sace kāci āpatti natthi, ubho khamāpetvā, sace atthi, ‘‘ayaṃ nāmettha āpattī’’ti evaṃ vinicchitaṃ vūpasammati, tattha sammukhāvinayalakkhaṇaṃ vuttanayameva. Yadā pana khīṇāsavassa bhikkhuno amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā anuddhaṃsitassa sativinayaṃ yācamānassa saṅgho ñatticatutthena kammena sativinayaṃ deti, tadā sammukhāvinayena ca sativinayena ca vūpasantaṃ hoti, dinne pana sativinaye puna tasmiṃ puggale kassaci anuvādo na ruhati. Yadā ummattako bhikkhu ummādavasena gate assāmaṇake ajjhācāre ‘‘saratāyasmā evarūpiṃ āpatti’’nti bhikkhūhi codiyamāno ‘‘ummattakena me, āvuso, etaṃ kataṃ, nāhaṃ taṃ sarāmī’’ti bhaṇantopi bhikkhūhi codiyamānova puna acodanatthāya amūḷhavinayaṃ yācati, saṅgho cassa ñatticatutthena kammena amūḷhavinayaṃ deti. Tadā sammukhāvinayena ca amūḷhavinayena ca vūpasantaṃ hoti, dinne pana amūḷhavinaye puna tasmiṃ puggale kassaci tappaccayā anuvādo na ruhati.

Yadā pana pārājikena vā pārājikasāmantena vā codiyamānassa aññenaññaṃ paṭicarato pāpussannatāya pāpiyassa puggalassa ‘‘sacāyaṃ acchinnamūlo bhavissati, sammā vattitvā osāraṇaṃ labhissati, sace chinnamūlo, sayamevassa nāsanā bhavissatī’’ti maññamāno saṅgho ñatticatutthena kammena tassapāpiyasikaṃ kammaṃ karoti, tadā sammukhāvinayena ca tassapāpiyasikāya ca vūpasantaṃ hoti, evaṃ anuvādādhikaraṇaṃ catūhi samathehi sammati.

Āpattādhikaraṇaṃ (cūḷava. 239) tīhi samathehi sammati sammukhāvinayena ca paṭiññātakaraṇena ca tiṇavatthārakena ca. Tassa sammukhāvinayeneva vūpasamo natthi, yadā pana ekassa vā bhikkhuno, nissaggiyavaṇṇanāyaṃ vuttanayena saṅghagaṇamajjhesu vā bhikkhu lahukaṃ āpattiṃ deseti, tadā āpattādhikaraṇaṃ sammukhāvinayena ca paṭiññātakaraṇena ca vūpasammati. Tattha sammukhāvinaye tāva yo ca deseti, yassa ca deseti, tesaṃ sammukhībhāvo puggalasammukhatā, sesaṃ vuttanayameva. Puggalassa ca gaṇassa ca desanākāle saṅghasammukhatā parihāyati.

Yā panettha ‘‘ahaṃ, bhante, itthannāmaṃ āpattiṃ āpanno’’ti ca, ‘‘passasī’’ti, ‘‘āma passāmī’’ti ca paṭiññā, tāya ‘‘āyatiṃ saṃvareyyāsī’’ti karaṇaṃ paṭiññātakaraṇaṃ nāma. Saṅghādisese parivāsādiyācanā paṭiññā, parivāsādīnaṃ dānaṃ paṭiññātakaraṇaṃ nāma. Dvepakkhajātā pana bhaṇḍanakārakā bhikkhū bahuṃ assāmaṇakaṃ ajjhācāraṃ caritvā puna lajjidhamme uppanne ‘‘sace mayaṃ imāhi āpattīhi aññamaññaṃ karissāma, siyāpi taṃ adhikaraṇaṃ kakkhaḷatthāya vāḷatthāya saṃvatteyyā’’ti aññamaññaṃ āpattiyā kārāpane dosaṃ disvā yadā tiṇavatthārakakammaṃ karonti, tadā āpattādhikaraṇaṃ sammukhāvinayena ca tiṇavatthārakena ca sammati. Tatra hi yattakā hatthapāsūpagatā ‘‘na metaṃ khamatī’’ti evaṃ diṭṭhāvikammaṃ akatvā niddampi okkamantā honti, sabbesaṃ ṭhapetvā thullavajjañca gihippaṭisaṃyuttañca sabbāpattiyo vuṭṭhahanti, evaṃ āpattādhikaraṇaṃ tīhi samathehi sammati.

Kiccādhikaraṇaṃ (cūḷava. 242) ekena samathena sammati sammukhāvinayeneva. Iti imāni cattāri adhikaraṇāni yathānurūpaṃ imehi sattahi samathehi sammanti, tena vuttaṃ ‘‘uppannuppannānaṃ adhikaraṇānaṃ samathāya vūpasamāya sammukhāvinayo dātabbo…pe… tiṇavatthārako’’ti. Ayamettha vinicchayanayo, vitthāro pana samathakkhandhake āgatoyeva, vinicchayopissa samantapāsādikāyaṃ vutto.

Tatthāyasmante pucchāmi, kaccittha parisuddhāti tesu sattasu adhikaraṇasamathesu kaccittha parisuddhā, natthi vo kiñci samathehi vūpasametabbanti pucchāmi, etena sabbāpattīhi parisuddhabhāvo pucchito hoti.

Uddiṭṭhaṃ kho āyasmanto nidānantiādi nigamanavacanaṃ. Tattha ettakanti ettakaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ. Suttāgatanti sutte pātimokkhe āgataṃ. Suttapariyāpannanti tattheva antogadhaṃ. Anvaddhamāsaṃ uddesaṃ āgacchatīti addhamāse addhamāse uposathavasena uddisitabbataṃ āgacchati. Samaggehīti kāyasāmaggivasena samaggehi. Sammodamānehīti cittasāmaggivasena ekajjhāsayatāya suṭṭhu modamānehi. Avivadamānehīti aṭṭhārasasu vivādavatthūsu aññataravasenāpi avivadamānehi. Sikkhitabbanti taṃ taṃ sikkhāpadaṃ avītikkamantehi adhisīlasikkhā sampādetabbā. Antarantarā pana yaṃ na vuttaṃ, taṃ sabbaṃ purime purime sikkhāpade vuttattā ceva uttānatthattā cāti.

Adhikaraṇasamathavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Kaṅkhāvitaraṇiyā pātimokkhavaṇṇanāya

Bhikkhupātimokkhavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa

 

* Bài viết trích trong Vinayapiṭaka (ṭīkā) >> Tīkā, nguồn Tipitaka.org. Tải sách PDF tại đây.

 

 

 

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* Source Tipitaka.org - Based on the Chaṭṭha Saṅgāyana CD published by the Vipassana Research Institute

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